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The Spodek Law Group understands how delicate high-profile cases can be, and has a strong track record of getting positive outcomes. Our lawyers service a clientele that is nationwide. With offices in both LA and NYC, and cases all across the country - Spodek Law Group is a top tier law firm.

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NYC Government Investigations Lawyers

By Spodek Law Group | November 12, 2016
(Last Updated On: July 28, 2023)

Last Updated on: 28th July 2023, 07:31 pm

When you are the target of a government investigation, many thoughts run through your mind. Confusion, fear, and uncertainty add up to make you feel powerless and terrified. However, while government investigators are counting on you to be scared enough to do as they say, that is actually the worst thing you can do. Whether you are being investigated by the FBI, IRS, DEA, or other federal agency, the good news is that you have constitutional rights that entitle you to legal protection. But to ensure your case goes as well as possible, it’s important to have a solid understanding of all aspects regarding a government investigation case.

Realizing You Are Under Investigation
When the federal government decides to pursue an investigation against you, it often orchestrates encounters with you that aim to make you confused and disoriented. In many cases, their aim is to make sure you do not have an attorney present when being questioned in these so-called chance encounters. Often coming to your home or place of work, investigators hope to use intimidation to their advantage. However, when faced with these situations, it’s best to not say anything at all until you have an attorney by your side. In addition to their attempts to have you answer numerous questions, prosecutors may send you what’s known as a target letter, which states you are the subject of an investigation. Simultaneously, you may also be served with a subpoena requesting you turn over key documents to investigators. But no matter what may come your way in these matters, it’s vital to never do or say anything to investigators until you have legal representation from an experienced and knowledgeable government investigations lawyer.

Early Morning Searches
If you are the target of a government investigation, be prepared to have federal agents at your door early one morning. Armed with a search warrant, they may knock on your door or use a battering ram to enter your home, attempting to locate documents, photos, computer records, or other information deemed vital to proving their case. Along with the search warrant, agents often bring scripted questions with them for you and your family members, hoping to gain additional information while you are intimidated.

Should I Cooperate?
While many of these situations appear as if you have no choice but to cooperate, the fact is you should make the government’s job as difficult as possible. To begin with, you should remain silent, as should any members of your family. Rather than speaking to agents, you should simply request a search warrant return, which documents all items seized by agents. By taking these measures, you ensure your constitutional rights will be protected, and that your attorney will be able to act as a buffer between you and the federal government.

Penalties for Crimes
While there are various types of crimes that can be investigated by the government, many of them can result in similar penalties. Whether you are convicted of embezzlement, corruption and bribery, drug trafficking, identity theft, or other crimes, the penalties can involve prison time, fines, or a combination of the two. For defendants who have no prior criminal record or one with minimal convictions, probation or a sentence far less than the maximum may be imposed by the court. And contrary to some opinions, defendants found guilty of these crimes do not necessarily serve their sentence in a minimum-security prison. Depending upon the presiding judge and the circumstances surrounding the case, defendants may find themselves in medium or perhaps even a maximum-security prison. Other penalties may include a civil case being brought against a defendant, difficulty finding future employment, and deportation if they are not a United States citizen.
Contacting an Attorney
If you find yourself the target of a government investigation, it’s imperative you retain legal representation as soon as possible. To obtain the best results, hire an attorney skilled in handling these cases. By doing so, you will know what you may be facing and have an attorney who knows how to best prepare for your case. By communicating with your attorney in an honest and straightforward manner, you will give yourself the best chance possible to come out on top.
NYC Government subpoena lawyers
A subpoena is a document issued by a court that orders a person or entity to produce physical evidence or testify in connection with a pending case. It doesn’t allege that the recipient has done anything that might be against the law. It’s merely a way of compelling a person who might have information about a case to court or another location to testify or produce evidence. The subpoena sets forth when and where specific evidence is to be produced or when and where a person is required to testify in a case.

Types of subpoenas
There are generally two types of subpoenas. The first is a subpoena ad testificandum that requires a person to present himself or herself and testify in a court proceeding. The second type is a subpoena duces tecum for production of physical evidence. Physical evidence might include records, documents, computer files or the like. A subpoena duces tecum does not require actual testimony.

Subpoena in a civil case
If a subpoena is issued in a civil case, production of evidence or testimony might be for a deposition that is held outside of court at an attorney’s or court reporter’s office. It might also be issued for testimony in court in front of a judge or jury.

Subpoena in a criminal case
A subpoena in a criminal court will require the person served with it to appear in court. It might also require him or her to produce certain physical evidence in court.

Content of a subpoena

A validly issued subpoena should contain certain specific information. A careful examination will reveal:

The names of the parties and the case number
When the subpoena was issued
The date, time and location of when and where the witness should appear
The name of the attorney who issued the subpoena
What documents the witness might be required to bring to court
The court’s seal should appear on any subpoena
Service of a subpoena

A subpoena can be served by any deputy, a licensed process server or any person over the age of 18. A copy of the original subpoena is what is actually served. A witness fee plus mileage allowance is ordinarily required to accompany the subpoena.

Failure to appear
Failure to appear as commanded by a subpoena can result in being held in contempt of court and a jail sentence. Compensation fees to any parties who were damaged by a failure might also be awarded. A judge might also order the county sheriff to take the person who failed to appear into custody to be brought before him or her.

Motions in connection with subpoenas
There are times when a person who was served with a subpoena might want to modify it or fix its conditions. It might even be objected to it in its entirety. If the subpoena requires a court appearance, the law requires the person to act promptly pursuant to a motion in the court where the subpoena is returnable. If it’s not returnable in a court, any request to modify it, fix its conditions or quash it must first be discussed with the person who issued it. If an accord can’t be reached on a subpoena that is not returnable in court, any motion to modify it, fix its conditions or quash it is required to be heard in court. Courts are allowed to impose reasonable conditions in granting or denying a motion to modify or quash a subpoena.

If you or your business have been served with a subpoena that you object to, note the date and time of service along with how it was served, and contact our offices right away so that prompt action can be taken to preserve your objections and defenses. There are limits to subpoena power, and courts take those abuses of those limits seriously. You can contact us at any one of our three offices, and we can arrange for a free consultation and evaluation. We’ll then advise you of your options. The law requires you to make any objections to a subpoena promptly, so contact us right away at 888-997-2152.

Understanding the Complexities of Government Investigations

You can never be too prepared when facing the possibility of being targeted by a government investigation. Emotions like confusion, fear, and uncertainty can overwhelm the senses, making it seem impossible to fight back. However, it’s crucial to remember that you have constitutional rights to protect you, regardless of whether the FBI, IRS, DEA, or any other federal agency is investigating you.

Recognizing When You Are a Target

When federal investigators wish for you to feel disoriented and confused, they may engage in what appears like chance encounters. More often than not, these encounters occur without an attorney present, leaving you vulnerable to intimidation tactics. The best course of action when faced with these situations is to remain silent and wait for legal representation.

Federal prosecutors might also send a “target letter” notifying you of your status as a subject of investigation. Simultaneously, you may be served with a subpoena urging you to provide essential documents. It would be best never to speak to investigators or hand over any information without the presence of knowledgeable government investigations lawyer.

Anticipating Early Morning Searches

If you’re being investigated, expect federal agents armed with a search warrant to show up at your doorstep early in the morning. These agents could force their way into your home in search of essential documents or information that may contribute to the development of their case.

During these searches, agents may also ask scripted questions, attempting to gather more information while you and your family members are in a vulnerable and intimidated state.

Cooperate or Resist?

Though the situation might force you to comply, resisting and making the government’s job as difficult as possible without breaking any laws should be the priority. Remaining silent and asking for a search warrant return to document all seized items helps protect your constitutional rights and enables your attorney to act as a barrier between you and the federal government.

The Penalties for Different Crimes

While various crimes fall under government investigations, most penalties involve similar punishments – prison time, fines, or both. Considering these potential consequences, contacting an attorney experienced in handling government investigation cases as soon as possible is crucial. Honest and straightforward communication with your attorney gives you the best chance for a favorable outcome.

Dealing with Subpoenas

A subpoena is a court-issued document requiring a person or entity to present physical evidence or testify about a case in court. It does not accuse the recipient of any wrongdoing; it is simply a method of compelling testimony or evidence in relation to an ongoing case.

Types of Subpoenas

There are two types of subpoenas: subpoena ad testificandum, which mandates a person to testify in court, and subpoena duces tecum, requiring the production of physical evidence, such as documents or computer files, without demanding live testimony or appearance in court.

Subpoenas can be issued in both civil and criminal cases. The consequences of failing to appear in court due to a subpoena might include being held in contempt of court, imprisonment, payment of compensation fees, and possibly even a sheriff-led arrest.

Motions in Connection with Subpoenas

There might be times when a person wishes to modify or object to a subpoena. Depending on whether the subpoena requires a court appearance or not, any motion to modify, set conditions, or quash the subpoena may be made in the court where the subpoena is returnable. If an agreement can’t be reached, the court will hear the motion.

Seeking Legal Help

If you or your business has been served with a subpoena you object to, it is crucial to act immediately. Contact a seasoned legal professional to discuss your objections and defenses, ensuring all necessary procedures are followed promptly.

Free Consultation


I was searching for a law firm with some power to help me deal with a warrant in New York . After 6 days I decided to go with Spodek Law Group. It helped that This law firm is well respected by not only the top law firms in New York , but the DA , Judge as well. I...

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