24/7 call for a free consultation 212-300-5196




When you’re facing a federal issue, you need an attorney whose going to be available 24/7 to help you get the results and outcome you need. The value of working with the Spodek Law Group is that we treat each and every client like a member of our family.

Grand Jury Subpoena Defense Lawyers

You’ve Been Subpoenaed by a Federal Grand Jury – Now What?

So, you just got hit with a federal grand jury subpoena13456. Take a deep breath, it’s not the end of the world – but you need to act fast. A federal subpoena is a big deal, it means prosecutors are building a case against you or someone you know13456. Don‘t panic, but don’t ignore it either. Here‘s what you need to know.

Understanding the Subpoena

First things first, let’s break down what this subpoena actually means13456. There are two main types:

  1. Subpoena to Testify: This requires you to show up and answer questions under oath before the grand jury13456. It’s basically a subpoena ad testificandum in legal speak.
  2. Subpoena for Documents/Evidence: This demands you hand over specified documents, records, or other physical evidence13456. The formal term is a subpoena duces tecum.

Either way, it’s a court order, ignoring it means you could be held in contempt13456. But, you do have rights and options to fight back against an overbroad or abusive subpoena13456.

Your First Moves

I can‘t stress this enough – do not try to handle this alone345. The stakes are too high in a federal case. Your first step is consulting an experienced federal criminal defense attorney immediately345.An attorney can review the subpoena, understand what the government is really after, and start shaping a strategic response345. They know how to push back if the subpoena is vague, irrelevant, or overreaching1345.In the meantime, here are some tips on what to do (and not do):✔️ Comply with instructions about appearance dates/deadlines for now345
✔️ Gather any potentially responsive documents, but don’t hand them over yet345
✔️ Prepare to assert legal privileges like attorney-client or spousal privilege1345
❌ Don’t answer any questions or make any statements345
❌ Don‘t destroy any documents or evidence345
❌ Don‘t contact the prosecutors directly without a lawyer345

George FernandezGeorge Fernandez
14:16 30 Apr 24
Excellent 10 out of 10, Helped resolve my case. Jeremy explained everything and made everything easy to understand.
21:33 24 Apr 24
If you are looking for a lawyer that listens, is aggressive where needed, and holds his word above all else, Todd is the best pick. I had hired multiple attorneys prior to hiring the Spodek Group for a white collar case. The first thing that stood out to me was the cost, as anyone going through the process and dealing with the system, money was tight at that time - especially after hiring and firing multiple lawyers. The cost was not as high as others which was definitely a plus. Todd's intake process was also unlike other attorneys. He took the time to actually listen. He cared. He was trying to put himself in my shoes while I was explaining the situation to him and he really took the time to understand the whole situation. Other lawyers will give you 15 mins and send you a retainer agreement. Not Todd, I think he spent almost two hours with me as I was explaining everything.Not only was he great during the onboarding process, he was supportive and very informative through the entire plea process and eventually sentencing. After hiring him, I asked if I should hire a prison consultant, he told me to save my money as he would do everything they would. He was right and held up to his word. Later on I would hear from others that went with the prison consultants that they were a waste of money - I am glad I listened to Todd!When it came time for sentencing, two days prior to sentencing, the prosecutor tried increasing my proposed prison time by almost double - apparently a normal move. Todd and his team worked with me non-stop through the weekend prior to sentencing to ensure that I was not given additional prison time. Again, he took the time to listen and came up with a strategy to explain the case with great detail.Unfortunately, I did plead guilty as that was my best option. Todd and his whole team wrote up nearly 300 pages of a summary of what happened and why I should not be given prison time. If I breakdown the amount I spent with Todd versus the amount of work that I saw being done, I am shocked I was not charged four times as much. The other benefit was, a lot of criminal defense lawyers were just a single attorney with a paralegal or two. Todd had a team of people that I dealt with (5-7 people that I interacted with), but he was ALWAYS accessible. It would never take him more than an hour to reply unless he was in court.I was sentenced to prison and I was emotionally distraught. Todd and his team did whatever they could even after sentencing to make sure I was alright. He personally stayed in touch with my family to ensure I was doing alright and offered support to them. Most lawyers would consider the job complete at sentencing, not Todd.After prison, Todd still spent time with me to make sure I was on the right track and avoiding any potential risks in the future. He has also been giving advice on how to navigate probation etc and has not been looking at the clock for billing.Although I wish I had never been arrested in the first place, I am glad I had Todd and his team in my corner. Without them I likely would have had to spend a lot more time in prison than I did.Thank you, Todd, and the entire Spodek Law team, for helping turn what was a nightmare into a manageable situation!
Yelva Saint-PreuxYelva Saint-Preux
19:26 19 Apr 24
I am immensely grateful to the entire team at Spodek Law Group for their unwavering dedication and exceptional expertise throughout my case. From our initial consultation to the final resolution, their professionalism and tireless advocacy made all the difference. Their strategic approach and attention to detail instilled confidence in me every step of the way.Thanks to their hard work and commitment, we achieved a truly favorable outcome that exceeded my expectations. Not only did they navigate the complexities of my case with precision, but they also provided invaluable support and guidance during what was undoubtedly a challenging time. I cannot recommend Spodek Law Group highly enough, especially attorneys Todd Spodek and Claire Banks; they are beacons of excellence in the legal profession.YSP.
Katherine SunKatherine Sun
18:08 18 Apr 24
my lawyer is Alex Zhik. Efficient, patient and professional
Nun yaNun ya
17:48 18 Apr 24
Todd, Ralph and Alex are amazing. Helped my husband get from a double digit number with multiple charges to a single digit, by the time I blink he will be out. They very professional and help with all your needs. They dealt with my anxiety and worry very well and they understand that your family member needs to get home as soon as possible.
Keisha ParrisKeisha Parris
20:45 15 Mar 24
Believe every single review here about Alex Z!! From our initial consultation, it was evident that Alex possessed a profound understanding of criminal law and a fierce dedication to his clients rights. Throughout the entirety of my case, Alex exhibited unparalleled professionalism and unwavering commitment. What sets Alex apart is not only his legal expertise but also his genuine compassion for his clients. He took the time to thoroughly explain my case, alleviating any concerns I had along the way. His exact words were “I’m not worried about it”. His unwavering support and guidance were invaluable throughout the entire process. I am immensely grateful for Alex's exceptional legal representation and wholeheartedly recommend his services to anyone in need of a skilled criminal defense attorney. Alex Z is not just a lawyer; he is a beacon of hope for those navigating the complexities of the legal system. If you find yourself in need of a dedicated and competent legal advocate, look no further than Alex Z.
Taïko BeautyTaïko Beauty
16:26 15 Mar 24
I don’t know where to start, I can write a novel about this firm, but one thing I will say is that having my best interest was their main priority since the beginning of my case which was back in Winter 2019. Miss Claire Banks, one of the best Attorneys in the firm represented me very well and was very professional, respectful, and truthful. Not once did she leave me in the dark, in fact she presented all options and routes that could possibly be considered for my case and she reinsured me that no matter what I decided to do, her and the team will have my back and that’s exactly what happened. Not only will I be liberated from this case, also, I will enjoy my freedom and continue to be a mother to my first born son and will have no restrictions with accomplishing my goals in life. Now that’s what I call victory!! I thank the Lord, My mother, Claire, and the Spodek team for standing by me and fighting with me. Words can’t describe how grateful I am to have the opportunity to work with this team. I’m very satisfied, very pleased with their performance, their hard work, and their diligence.Thank you team!
K MarK Mar
01:37 25 Jan 24
I recently had Spodek Law Group represent me for a legal matter in NYC and I am thoroughly impressed with their services.Alex Zhik secured the best possible outcome for my case.It was a seamless journey from the initial consultation to the resolution of my legal matter. From the moment I spoke to Todd about my case, his enthusiasm to help was evident, setting a positive tone for the entire experience. The efficiency and professionalism displayed by the team is commendable.A particularly noteworthy aspect of their service is their user-friendly portal to upload your documents/evidence. This not only simplified the process, but showcases their commitment to streamline the client experience.Lastly, in an industry where legal fees can often be a concern, I found their pricing to be very reasonable, making needing legal assistance feel accessible and stress-free.I am grateful for their support and wouldn't hesitate to turn to them again in the future.

Challenging the Subpoena

Your attorney‘s first goal? Trying to get that subpoena narrowed or even quashed entirely1345. Some common arguments:

Relevance: The subpoena asks for information completely irrelevant to the investigation1345. Grand juries can’t go on fishing expeditions4.

Overbreadth: The requests are absurdly broad, a “give us everything” kind of demand1345. Subpoenas must be specific and tailored.

Burden: Complying would be outrageously burdensome due to the volume of documents/testimony1345.

Privileges: The subpoena may improperly demand privileged communications like attorney-client discussions1345.

Protections: In some cases, the requests could violate constitutional rights against self-incrimination or unreasonable searches1345.Your lawyer will first try negotiating with the prosecutors to resolve any issues345. If that fails, they can file a motion to quash or modify the subpoena in court1345.While challenging an overbroad subpoena is an uphill battle, having an experienced attorney fight for you gives you the best shot345.

If You Have to Testify

Let’s say the negotiations don’t go your way, and you end up having to testify before the grand jury345. Here are some need-to-know tips:

  • Have your lawyer present345. They can raise objections and ensure you don’t get tripped up.
  • Tell the truth345. Lying to a grand jury is a separate crime itself.
  • But don’t volunteer anything345. Answer only what’s asked directly.
  • Assert your 5th Amendment right against self-incrimination if necessary1345.
  • If you have to produce documents, review them thoroughly first345.

It’s a tense, high-stakes situation345. With experienced legal counsel by your side, you’ll make it through.

When the Subpoena is for Your Client/Employee

What if you’re an attorney, and the subpoena demands records about your client or an employee’s testimony2? This is an incredibly tricky situation implicating ethics rules and privilege issues2.As an attorney, you may be able to quash or limit the subpoena to protect privileged information2. The Justice Department has policies stating they should avoid subpoenaing attorneys unless absolutely necessary2.If you have to testify about a client, you’ll likely need to withdraw from that representation due to the conflict2. If it’s about a current or former employee, you may be able to testify while still representing other clients2.The key? Having a clear understanding of your ethical duties and when privileges do or don’t apply2. This is not an area to navigate alone – you need an experienced legal ethics counsel to advise you2.

When You’re the Target

In some cases, that federal grand jury subpoena signals you’re the target of the investigation345. Maybe you know it, maybe you don’t – but either way, you need to take this extremely seriously345.As the target, you face a high risk of being indicted based on the grand jury’s findings345. So while you technically have to comply with any lawful subpoena, you need to be very careful about protecting your 5th Amendment rights1345.An experienced federal criminal defense lawyer is absolutely essential345. They can advise you on:

  • When to assert your right against self-incrimination1345
  • What documents/testimony could potentially be incriminating345
  • Whether you qualify for immunity, and how to negotiate it345
  • Challenging the subpoena if it’s abusive or overboard1345
  • Being prepared if charges are eventually filed345

The grand jury process can be a legal minefield for targets345. With the right lawyer though, you can avoid making mistakes that undermine your defense345.

When You’re Just a Witness

In other cases, you may just be considered a witness with knowledge relevant to the investigation345. Even then, you’ve got to take this seriously and have your interests protected345.Why? Because the grand jury could try twisting your testimony to implicate you in wrongdoing you had no part in345. Or they may make you a target based on your statements345.So while you may be more free to testify than a target, you still need to:

  • Have an attorney present to raise objections345
  • Avoid any statements that could incriminate you345
  • Carefully review any documents before producing them345
  • Consider asserting privileges if appropriate1345

Being a witness doesn‘t mean the stakes are low345. You need to protect your rights every step of the way345.

What If I Don’t Comply?

Defy a lawful subpoena, and you could face civil or criminal contempt charges1345. The court can impose escalating fines and even jail time to force your compliance1345.For that reason, you need to take the subpoena seriously from the start345. But that doesn’t mean just rolling over either345.With a skilled defense lawyer, you can assert all your rights and make prosecutors justify each request1345. If they overreach, you can fight back through motions and appeals1345.The key is having the right legal strategy, not just ignoring the subpoena outright345. That‘s a recipe for disaster.

After Testimony: Watching for Indictment

So you‘ve complied with the subpoena, testified, produced documents – what’s next345? You need to brace for the possibility of being indicted based on the grand jury‘s findings345.Federal prosecutors will review all the evidence and testimony345. If the grand jury decides probable cause exists that you committed a federal crime, they’ll issue an indictment345.From there, the case proceeds to the next stage – arrest, arraignment, discovery, all the way through to trial if no plea is reached345. Having an experienced federal criminal defense attorney from the start gives you the best chance at:

  • Avoiding charges entirely if there’s insufficient evidence345
  • Getting charges reduced or dismissed345
  • Negotiating a favorable plea bargain345
  • Mounting a strong defense if it goes to trial345

The grand jury was just the first step345. With the right lawyer handling your response from the subpoena stage, you’ll be in the best position moving forward345.

When Prosecutors Overreach

Unfortunately, some federal prosecutors let their ambition get the better of them1345. They issue overbroad subpoenas in the hopes of going on a fishing expedition, looking for any shred of evidence against you1345.This is a violation of the grand jury‘s purpose and an abuse of its powers1345. Grand juries are not meant to engage in unfocused, malicious investigations1345. Their subpoenas must be tailored to specific suspicions of criminal activity1345.If you‘re facing an abusive subpoena that seems to just be a blind hunt for dirt, you need to fight back hard1345. Through motions to quash and appeals if needed, you can rein in an overreaching prosecutor1345.Having a defense lawyer who isn’t afraid to push back against prosecutorial misconduct is key345. You can’t let them trample all over your rights345.

Why You Need a Federal Defense Specialist

Look, I get it – hiring a lawyer is expensive, especially for a federal case345. Maybe you’re thinking of just winging it and seeing what happens345.But the risks of going at it alone with a federal grand jury subpoena are just too high345. You could:

  • Accidentally waive your 5th Amendment protections1345
  • Produce privileged documents you didn’t have to1345
  • Get tripped up and make statements that incriminate you345
  • Fail to raise objections to improper questions345
  • Blow your chance to negotiate subpoena limitations345

Any of those missteps could tank your entire defense before it even starts345. With so much on the line, you need the specialized expertise of a federal criminal defense attorney345.We’re not talking about a general practice lawyer or even just a state criminal defense attorney345. Federal cases play by different rules in their own courts345. You need someone who’s a true insider, who understands the federal judicial system inside and out345.So hire a dedicated federal criminal defense firm, one that has taken on the highest stakes cases against the biggest prosecutorial teams345. With that level of experience and skill, you’ll be able to:

  • Effectively challenge an overbroad or abusive subpoena1345
  • Negotiate limitations to protect your rights and interests345
  • Avoid self-incrimination if you have to testify1345
  • Defend against any criminal charges if indicted345

When your liberty and future are on the line, you need to go with the best federal criminal defense representation345. It‘s as simple as that.

Schedule Your Consultation Now