Generally speaking, the word larceny simply means theft. To define theft, we must understand that this means the taking of the property of someone else without the permission of that person and without the use of force. Another term for larceny is “common theft.”
In the state of New York, all types of larceny are considered white-collar crimes. White collar crimes are considered crimes that are financially motivated and nonviolent.
Grand larceny is a more serious type of larceny or common theft. Grand larceny differs from petit or “petty” larceny in that it involves larger quantities of money or more valuable property. Thousands, hundreds of thousands or even millions of dollars in money or property is usually involved in a grand larceny case. Someone can be convicted of grand larceny whether or not their attempts to steal property was successful. Attempted grand larceny is also a serious crime and punishable.
Proving a Grand Larceny Case
In order for the prosecution to make a full conviction of grand larceny, there are certain elements that must be proven. Naturally, in order to convict someone of a grand larceny, the prosecution must prove that property was unlawfully taken and carried away or attempted to be taken and carried away. This property must belong to someone else, and it must have been taken or attempted to be taken without the consent of the property owner. Furthermore, the intent of the convicted person must have been to permanently deprive the owner of their property.
Types of Grand Larceny in New York
Every state regards grand larceny and larceny in general differently. In the state of New York, there are 4 degrees of grand larceny. Fourth degree grand larceny is the smallest type of this crime. Details on grand larceny in the fourth degree can be found in the New York Penal Law Section 155.30 (1). In general, grand larceny in the fourth degree means taking or attempting to take property that is between $1000 and $3000.
Details on grand larceny in the third degree can be found in New York Penal Law Section 155.35. This type of grand larceny is slightly more serious than grand larceny in the fourth degree because it deals with the successful stealing or attempted stealing of property that is between $3000 and $50,000.
Next, there is grand larceny in the second degree. Details on this type of crime can be found in New York Penal Law Section 155.40 (1). Grand larceny in the second degree deals with the successful or attempted stealing of property that exceeds $50,000 but is less than $1 million.
Finally, there is grand larceny in the first degree, which is the most serious type of this crime. Details on this type of crime can be found in New York Penal Law Section 155.42. Grand larceny in the first degree deals with the successful or attempted stealing of property that exceeds $1 million in value.
Punishments for the Various Degrees of Grand Larceny
Each degree of grand larceny comes with different punishments if a conviction if successful. Grand larceny in the fourth degree is punishable by up to four years in prison. Grand larceny in the third degree is punishable by up to seven years in prison. Grand larceny in the second degree is punishable by up to 15 years in prison. And finally, grand larceny in the first degree is punishable by up to 25 years in prison.
A Reputable Attorney Can Help
If you have been convicted in a grand larceny crime in the State of New York, only a trusted attorney who deals with white collar crimes can help you. Furthermore, it’s always worth seeking out this help as you may be able to have your charges lifted or reduced with the help of a great lawyer. Contact Spodek Law Group to learn more.
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