Service & Results.

nyc criminal lawyers over 30 years of experienceWe Know How To Win Cases

Spodek Law Group handles tough cases
nationwide, that demand excellence.

Get Free Consultation

Faced 5+ Years in Prison

People Vs Joseph Amico

Covered by NYDaily News. Las Vegas man accused of threatening a prominent attorney and making vile remarks.

Faced 10+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Anna Sorokin

Covered by New York Times, and other outlets. Fake heiress accused of conning the city’s wealthy, and has an HBO special being made about her.

Faced 3+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Genevieve Sabourin

Accused of stalking Alec Baldwin. The case garnered nationwide attention, with USAToday, NYPost, and other media outlets following it closely.

Faced Potential Charges

Ghislaine Maxwell Juror

Juror who prompted calls for new Ghislaine Maxwell trial turns to lawyer who defended Anna Sorokin.

Why Choose Us

Clients can use our portal to track the status of their case, stay in touch with us, upload documents, and more.

Regardless of the type of situation you're facing, our attorneys are here to help you get quality representation.

We can setup consultations in person, over Zoom, or over the phone to help you. Bottom line, we're here to help you win your case.

Law in the Media

View All

Meet Todd Spodek


The Spodek Law Group understands how delicate high-profile cases can be, and has a strong track record of getting positive outcomes. Our lawyers service a clientele that is nationwide. With offices in both LA and NYC, and cases all across the country - Spodek Law Group is a top tier law firm.

Todd Spodek is a second generation attorney with immense experience. He has many years of experience handling 100’s of tough and hard to win trials. He’s been featured on major news outlets, such as New York Post, Newsweek, Fox 5 New York, South China Morning Post, Insider.com, and many others.

In 2022, Netflix released a series about one of Todd’s clients: Anna Delvey/Anna Sorokin.

Why Clients Choose Spodek Law Group

The reason is simple: clients want white glove service, and lawyers who can win. Every single client who works with the Spodek Law Group is aware that the attorney they hire could drastically change the outcome of their case. Hiring the Spodek Law Group means you’re taking your future seriously. Our lawyers handle cases nationwide, ranging from NYC to LA. Our philosophy is fair and simple: our nyc criminal lawyers only take on clients who we know will benefit from our services.

We’re selective about the clients we work with, and only take on cases we know align with our experience – and where we can make a difference. This is different from other law firms who are not invested in your success nor care about your outcome.

If you have a legal issue, call us for a consultation.
We are available 24/7, to help you with any – and all, challenges you face.

What is a 440.10 Motion in New York?

By Spodek Law Group | July 19, 2023
(Last Updated On: October 17, 2023)

Last Updated on: 17th October 2023, 10:57 pm


What is a 440.10 Motion in New York?

So you got arrested in New York and your case is pending. That totally sucks! But don’t worry, there are things you can do to help your case. One option is filing a 440.10 motion. But what is that exactly?

Well, a 440.10 motion is a way to get evidence thrown out or your conviction overturned if something shady happened during your case. The official name is “Motion to Vacate Judgment” but lawyers just call it a 440 motion or 440.10 motion, after the section in New York’s procedural rules.

When Can You File a 440.10 Motion?

There’s a few situations where you can file this motion:

  • If there was some kind of fraud during your case – like if the prosecutor hid evidence that would have helped you.
  • If new evidence surfaces that proves your innocence.
  • If you didn’t get effective assistance from your lawyer.
  • If the court didn’t have jurisdiction over your case.
  • If your conviction was obtained in violation of your Constitutional rights.

So those are the basics of when you can file. But there are also some limits:

  • You can’t file a 440 motion if you already filed an appeal and lost. The issues should have been dealt with on appeal.
  • There are strict time limits – you only have 1 year from when your conviction becomes final to file, unless you have a really good reason why you couldn’t file earlier.

What’s the Process for Filing a 440.10 Motion?

Filing the motion itself is pretty straightforward – you just need to submit papers to the original trial court explaining what happened and why you’re entitled to get your conviction overturned or evidence thrown out. But first you’ll want to talk to a lawyer to figure out if you even have a valid claim.

If the court agrees to hear your motion, you may get an evidentiary hearing where you can present witnesses or other evidence to prove your case. If the court thinks your motion doesn’t have merit though, they can deny it without a hearing.

One tricky thing is that the rules say you can only file one 440 motion. So you want to make sure you include all possible arguments the first time around. Although there are some exceptions – like if you discover new evidence later on.

What Kinds of Relief Can You Get?

If the court grants your 440 motion, there’s a few possible outcomes:

  • Your conviction could be overturned completely and the charges dismissed.
  • Your conviction could be vacated but you still have to face a new trial.
  • If it’s before sentencing, you could just get re-sentenced.
  • If you convince the court to throw out some evidence, your conviction may stand but you’ll get re-sentenced without that evidence.

The court has a lot of flexibility in fashioning relief based on the circumstances of your case. The main idea is to put you back in the position you would have been in if your rights hadn’t been violated.

What Are Your Chances of Winning?

Unfortunately, 440 motions are hard to win. Some statistics show only around 4% of 440 motions get granted. Judges are often hesitant to overturn convictions unless there’s a really clear injustice. But it still may be worth a try if you have a solid claim.

When Would a 440 Motion Be a Good Idea?

These motions are kind of a last resort after you’ve lost on appeal. They can be totally worthwhile if:

  • You have new evidence that could prove your innocence.
  • There was serious misconduct like your lawyer screwing up or evidence being hidden from you.
  • The court made a mistake and shouldn’t have had jurisdiction over your case.

The bottom line is – if you have a legit argument that your case was constitutionally flawed or tainted by fraud, don’t be afraid to file a 440 motion and fight for justice!

What Should You Do Before Filing?

These motions can be complicated, so it’s really important to talk to a lawyer experienced with 440 motions before filing one yourself. Some tips:

  • Figure out the deadline – you only have 1 year to file so don’t wait!
  • Ask a lawyer if your arguments have merit – they can give you an honest assessment before you file.
  • Make sure you meet the requirements – like not having raised the issues on direct appeal already.
  • Start gathering any evidence you’ll need to prove your case.

Having a lawyer in your corner can make all the difference. So don’t try to go it alone on a 440 motion without at least consulting an attorney first.

What’s the Process After You File?

Here’s a quick rundown of what happens after you submit your 440 motion:

  1. The prosecution can submit a response within 30 days, opposing your motion.
  2. The court will review the papers and decide whether to hold a hearing or just rule on the written submissions.
  3. If there’s a hearing, it’s your chance to testify and present evidence supporting your motion.
  4. The court decides whether to grant or deny the motion – if granted, they’ll vacate the conviction, order a new trial, or fashion other appropriate relief.
  5. If your motion is denied, you have 30 days to file an appeal to the intermediate appellate court.

So in a nutshell – filing a 440 motion kicks off a back and forth process where you try to prove to the court an injustice happened. It may take months to get a final decision. Having an experienced lawyer guide you through the process is extremely helpful.

What Kinds of Issues Can You Raise?

You have a lot of options for arguments to make in your 440 motion. Some common ones include:

  • New evidence – like DNA proving your innocence or a witness recanting testimony.
  • Prosecutorial misconduct – like hiding exculpatory evidence from you.
  • Ineffective assistance of counsel – like your lawyer screwing up your defense.
  • Coerced confession – if you were illegally pressured to confess.
  • Violation of due process – like not getting a fair trial or impartial jury.

Those are just a few examples – there are many ways your Constitutional rights could have been violated during your case. The key is finding an issue that’s both legally valid and supported by evidence.

What Should Your Motion Include?

Your 440 motion has to lay out your argument convincingly and back it up with evidence. Here are some key things to include:

  • The facts of your case and conviction.
  • The basis for why you’re entitled to relief – what injustice occurred?
  • The specific relief you’re requesting – overturning conviction, new trial, etc.
  • Supporting evidence – affidavits, documents, testimony transcripts, etc.
  • Legal arguments – cite the statutes and case law backing up your claim.

Having an attorney help draft your motion is highly recommended. They can make sure your arguments are air-tight and supported by the law and facts.

What’s the Standard of Proof?

To win your 440 motion, you have to meet a certain burden of proof. The standard depends on the issues raised:

  • Claims of improper procedure or constitutional violations must be proven by a preponderance of the evidence – meaning it’s more likely than not that what you’re alleging occurred.
  • Allegations of actual innocence require you to present clear and convincing evidence that you’re innocent and were wrongly convicted.

So the court won’t just take your word for it – you have to back up your claims with solid proof. That’s why having an experienced attorney is so important.

What Happens if Your Motion is Denied?

Unfortunately most 440 motions end up getting denied. But even if that happens, you still have options:

  • You can appeal the denial to an intermediate appellate court – you have 30 days to file the appeal after your motion is denied.
  • If new evidence surfaces later, you may be able to file a successive 440 motion if you can show due diligence in discovering the new evidence.
  • You may be able to file a federal habeas corpus petition arguing your imprisonment violates the Constitution – but only after exhausting state remedies.

So don’t give up hope – keep fighting, and consult with an appellate lawyer about your options if your 440 motion gets denied. The fight for justice can be a long road, but may be worth it in the end.


Filing a 440 motion is one way to challenge your New York conviction if you experienced an injustice, but it’s not an easy road. Talk to a lawyer, understand the requirements and deadlines, gather solid evidence, and present air-tight legal arguments in your motion. Even then, the chances of success are slim. But the 440 motion process gives you an important opportunity to fight back if your rights were violated. With dedication and a good attorney, you just may get the outcome you deserve. Don’t be afraid to stand up for yourself and make your voice heard!

Free Consultation


I was searching for a law firm with some power to help me deal with a warrant in New York . After 6 days I decided to go with Spodek Law Group. It helped that This law firm is well respected by not only the top law firms in New York , but the DA , Judge as well. I...

~Fonder Brandon

5 Stars
It was my good fortune to retain Spodek Law Group for representation for my legal needs. From the beginning, communication was prompt and thorough. Todd, Kenneth and Alex were the first people I worked with and they all made me, and my company Qumana skincare feel comfortable and confident that the team was going to work hard for me. Everything...

~A G

5 Stars
After meeting with several law firms, I chose the Spodek Law Group not only for their professionalism and experience, but for the personal attention given to me right from the initial consultation. It is important to recognize how crucial having the right legal team is when faced with potentially life altering events that impact families and the lives of loved...

~George Cherubini

Spodek Law Group

White Glove Service

We Provide Superior Service, Excellent Results, At A Level Superior To Other Criminal Defense Law Firms. Regardless Of Where Your Case Is, Nationwide, We Can Help You.
View More

Request Free Consultation

Please fill out the form below to receive a free consultation, we will respond to
your inquiry within 24-hours guaranteed.


85 Broad St 30th Floor, New York, NY 10004


get directions

Los Angeles

611 S Catalina St Suite 222, Los Angeles, CA 90005


get directions


35-37 36th St, 2nd Floor Astoria, NY 11106


get directions


195 Montague St., 14th Floor, Brooklyn, NY 11201


get directions
Call Now!