Service & Results.

nyc criminal lawyers over 30 years of experienceWe Know How To Win Cases

Spodek Law Group handles tough cases
nationwide, that demand excellence.

Get Free Consultation

Faced 5+ Years in Prison

People Vs Joseph Amico

Covered by NYDaily News. Las Vegas man accused of threatening a prominent attorney and making vile remarks.

Faced 10+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Anna Sorokin

Covered by New York Times, and other outlets. Fake heiress accused of conning the city’s wealthy, and has an HBO special being made about her.

Faced 3+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Genevieve Sabourin

Accused of stalking Alec Baldwin. The case garnered nationwide attention, with USAToday, NYPost, and other media outlets following it closely.

Faced Potential Charges

Ghislaine Maxwell Juror

Juror who prompted calls for new Ghislaine Maxwell trial turns to lawyer who defended Anna Sorokin.

Why Choose Us

Clients can use our portal to track the status of their case, stay in touch with us, upload documents, and more.

Regardless of the type of situation you're facing, our attorneys are here to help you get quality representation.

We can setup consultations in person, over Zoom, or over the phone to help you. Bottom line, we're here to help you win your case.

Law in the Media

View All

Meet Todd Spodek


The Spodek Law Group understands how delicate high-profile cases can be, and has a strong track record of getting positive outcomes. Our lawyers service a clientele that is nationwide. With offices in both LA and NYC, and cases all across the country - Spodek Law Group is a top tier law firm.

Todd Spodek is a second generation attorney with immense experience. He has many years of experience handling 100’s of tough and hard to win trials. He’s been featured on major news outlets, such as New York Post, Newsweek, Fox 5 New York, South China Morning Post, Insider.com, and many others.

In 2022, Netflix released a series about one of Todd’s clients: Anna Delvey/Anna Sorokin.

Why Clients Choose Spodek Law Group

The reason is simple: clients want white glove service, and lawyers who can win. Every single client who works with the Spodek Law Group is aware that the attorney they hire could drastically change the outcome of their case. Hiring the Spodek Law Group means you’re taking your future seriously. Our lawyers handle cases nationwide, ranging from NYC to LA. Our philosophy is fair and simple: our nyc criminal lawyers only take on clients who we know will benefit from our services.

We’re selective about the clients we work with, and only take on cases we know align with our experience – and where we can make a difference. This is different from other law firms who are not invested in your success nor care about your outcome.

If you have a legal issue, call us for a consultation.
We are available 24/7, to help you with any – and all, challenges you face.

Will a Federal Conviction Prevent Me from Voting? State Laws Explained

By Spodek Law Group | October 19, 2023
(Last Updated On: October 20, 2023)

Last Updated on: 20th October 2023, 09:07 am


Will a Federal Conviction Prevent Me from Voting? State Laws Explained

Having a felony conviction can make voting more complicated. But just because you have a federal conviction doesn’t neccessarily mean you’ve lost your right to vote forever. It really depends on the state you live in and the specifics of your conviction.

Voting laws are decided by each state. So while a federal conviction takes away your right to vote under federal law, your rights under your state’s laws may be different. Here’s what you need to know about how state laws handle voting rights for people with federal convictions.

Why Do States Get to Decide Voting Rights?

Under the Constitution, states get to decide most voting rules for federal elections. This includes setting requirements like registration, voter ID laws, and restoration of voting rights.

Federal law only steps in for a few things like banning discrimination and setting the minimum voting age. Otherwise, states make the rules.

That’s why when you have a federal conviction, each state can take a different approach to whether and when your right to vote is restored.

Which States Automatically Restore Voting Rights After Prison?

In most states, voting rights are automatically restored after you finish your sentence, including any prison, parole or probation. This means you don’t have to apply or request to have your rights back. They are restored as soon as you are released.

Here are the 19 states where voting rights are automatically restored after incarceration:

  • California
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Hawaii
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Montana
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • Utah
  • Washington

In these states, your right to vote is restored as soon as you finish your sentence, whether you were convicted of a state or federal offense.

What About States That Require an Application?

Some states require you to submit an application before your voting rights can be restored after a felony conviction. This includes both state and federal convictions.

Here are 12 states where you need to apply to get back your right to vote after finishing your sentence:

  • Alaska
  • Arkansas
  • Georgia
  • Idaho
  • Kansas
  • Louisiana
  • Missouri
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • Texas

The application process can vary. For example, in South Carolina you need to apply for a pardon from the state parole board before you can vote again. But in Kansas, you just need to complete a voter registration form affirming your eligibility.

Check your state’s requirements so you know what steps to take to restore your voting rights after incarceration.

What About States That Make You Wait?

Some states require you to complete your sentence and wait a certain period of time before you can vote again. This applies to both state and federal convictions.

For example, in Arizona you must complete probation and then wait 2 years before applying for restoration. And in Nebraska you need to wait 2 years after finishing your sentence before your rights are restored.

Here are 9 states with waiting periods after completing a sentence:

  • Arizona
  • Delaware
  • Florida
  • Iowa
  • Kentucky
  • Mississippi
  • Nebraska
  • Tennessee
  • Virginia

The waiting periods range from 1-5 years depending on the state. Be aware of your state’s specific rules so you know when you’ll get back your voting rights.

What About States That Don’t Restore Voting Rights?

In a handful of states, certain felony convictions can permanently take away your voting rights. You need to apply for a pardon or clemency from the governor or a board to restore them.

For example, in Alabama if you are convicted of a “crime of moral turpitude” you lose your right to vote for life. The only way to get it back is through a pardon.

Here are 4 states where some convictions permanently revoke voting rights:

  • Alabama
  • Mississippi
  • Tennessee
  • Wyoming

Check if your specific conviction falls under your state’s permanent disenfranchisement rules. If so, you’ll need to seek a pardon or clemency to restore your right to vote.

What About Parole and Probation?

In most states, being on parole or probation means you temporarily lose your right to vote. Once you complete supervision, your voting rights are restored.

But in 16 states you can still vote while on parole. And in 21 states you can vote while on probation for a felony. Just be aware of your state’s rules.

For federal convictions, you cannot vote while on supervised release, which is similar to parole. Once your term ends, your right to vote is restored.

The Bottom Line

Losing your right to vote isn’t automatic with a federal conviction. Each state has its own laws on restoring voting rights after incarceration. Be sure to check the specifics for where you live.

In most states, voting rights are restored after completing all prison, parole and probation. Some require waiting periods or applications too. A handful of states permanently revoke rights for certain crimes without a pardon.

Knowing your state’s law will help you ensure your voting rights are restored. And if they aren’t, you’ll know what steps to take, like applying for a pardon, to get your right to vote back.

Voting is a fundamental right. With some research on your state’s laws, you can make sure a federal conviction doesn’t take away your voice forever.

Free Consultation


I was searching for a law firm with some power to help me deal with a warrant in New York . After 6 days I decided to go with Spodek Law Group. It helped that This law firm is well respected by not only the top law firms in New York , but the DA , Judge as well. I...

~Fonder Brandon

5 Stars
It was my good fortune to retain Spodek Law Group for representation for my legal needs. From the beginning, communication was prompt and thorough. Todd, Kenneth and Alex were the first people I worked with and they all made me, and my company Qumana skincare feel comfortable and confident that the team was going to work hard for me. Everything...

~A G

5 Stars
After meeting with several law firms, I chose the Spodek Law Group not only for their professionalism and experience, but for the personal attention given to me right from the initial consultation. It is important to recognize how crucial having the right legal team is when faced with potentially life altering events that impact families and the lives of loved...

~George Cherubini

Spodek Law Group

White Glove Service

We Provide Superior Service, Excellent Results, At A Level Superior To Other Criminal Defense Law Firms. Regardless Of Where Your Case Is, Nationwide, We Can Help You.
View More

Request Free Consultation

Please fill out the form below to receive a free consultation, we will respond to
your inquiry within 24-hours guaranteed.


85 Broad St 30th Floor, New York, NY 10004


get directions

Los Angeles

611 S Catalina St Suite 222, Los Angeles, CA 90005


get directions


35-37 36th St, 2nd Floor Astoria, NY 11106


get directions


195 Montague St., 14th Floor, Brooklyn, NY 11201


get directions
Call Now!