Service & Results.

nyc criminal lawyers over 30 years of experienceWe Know How To Win Cases

Spodek Law Group handles tough cases
nationwide, that demand excellence.

Get Free Consultation

Faced 5+ Years in Prison

People Vs Joseph Amico

Covered by NYDaily News. Las Vegas man accused of threatening a prominent attorney and making vile remarks.

Faced 10+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Anna Sorokin

Covered by New York Times, and other outlets. Fake heiress accused of conning the city’s wealthy, and has an HBO special being made about her.

Faced 3+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Genevieve Sabourin

Accused of stalking Alec Baldwin. The case garnered nationwide attention, with USAToday, NYPost, and other media outlets following it closely.

Faced Potential Charges

Ghislaine Maxwell Juror

Juror who prompted calls for new Ghislaine Maxwell trial turns to lawyer who defended Anna Sorokin.

Why Choose Us

Clients can use our portal to track the status of their case, stay in touch with us, upload documents, and more.

Regardless of the type of situation you're facing, our attorneys are here to help you get quality representation.

We can setup consultations in person, over Zoom, or over the phone to help you. Bottom line, we're here to help you win your case.

Law in the Media

View All

Meet Todd Spodek


The Spodek Law Group understands how delicate high-profile cases can be, and has a strong track record of getting positive outcomes. Our lawyers service a clientele that is nationwide. With offices in both LA and NYC, and cases all across the country - Spodek Law Group is a top tier law firm.

Todd Spodek is a second generation attorney with immense experience. He has many years of experience handling 100’s of tough and hard to win trials. He’s been featured on major news outlets, such as New York Post, Newsweek, Fox 5 New York, South China Morning Post, Insider.com, and many others.

In 2022, Netflix released a series about one of Todd’s clients: Anna Delvey/Anna Sorokin.

Why Clients Choose Spodek Law Group

The reason is simple: clients want white glove service, and lawyers who can win. Every single client who works with the Spodek Law Group is aware that the attorney they hire could drastically change the outcome of their case. Hiring the Spodek Law Group means you’re taking your future seriously. Our lawyers handle cases nationwide, ranging from NYC to LA. Our philosophy is fair and simple: our nyc criminal lawyers only take on clients who we know will benefit from our services.

We’re selective about the clients we work with, and only take on cases we know align with our experience – and where we can make a difference. This is different from other law firms who are not invested in your success nor care about your outcome.

If you have a legal issue, call us for a consultation.
We are available 24/7, to help you with any – and all, challenges you face.

What is the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act? Charges and Penalties

By Spodek Law Group | October 18, 2023
(Last Updated On: October 19, 2023)

Last Updated on: 19th October 2023, 02:00 pm

What is the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act? Charges and Penalties

The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA) is a federal law that was passed by Congress in 1986 to address growing concerns about computer hacking. The law prohibits accessing a computer without authorization or exceeding authorized access. Violations of the CFAA can lead to both criminal and civil penalties.

Background of the CFAA

Prior to the CFAA, computer crimes were prosecuted under mail and wire fraud laws. But these laws were often insufficient for addressing new types of computer hacking and intrusion.

The CFAA was originally intended to protect government and financial institution computers. But amendments over the years have expanded the law’s scope to cover any computer connected to the internet.

Some key events in the history and evolution of the CFAA:

  • 1986 – CFAA is enacted as an amendment to the Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984. Originally protects government and financial institution computers.
  • 1994 – Amended to allow civil lawsuits under the CFAA. Expanded to protect any computer used in interstate commerce.
  • 1996 – Expanded definition of protected computer to include any computer used in interstate or foreign commerce.
  • 2001 – Patriot Act expanded scope to include computers outside U.S. affecting commerce or communication within the U.S.
  • 2008 – Definition expanded again to include any computer used in or affecting interstate or foreign commerce.

CFAA Penalties

The CFAA allows for both criminal and civil penalties.

Criminal Penalties

Punishments under the CFAA can include:

  • Fines up to $250,000 for individuals, $500,000 for organizations.
  • Imprisonment up to 10 years for first offenses, 20 years for repeat offenses.
  • Forfeiture of property used to commit the crime.
  • Restitution to victims.

Harsher punishments apply for violations involving national security information or damage affecting 10 or more protected computers.

Civil Penalties

The CFAA allows victims to sue offenders for damages like:

  • Loss or damage to systems and data.
  • Cost of responding to offense, conducting damage assessment, restoring data or systems.
  • Loss of revenue due to interruption of service.
  • Any other loss reasonably incurred as a result of the violation.

Minimum damages are $5,000 per violation.


The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act is a powerful tool for prosecutors to combat cybercrime. But the law’s vague wording, harsh punishments, and broad scope have raised concerns among legal experts, technologists and internet freedom advocates. Ongoing legislative efforts seek to reform the CFAA to better balance security and innovation in the digital age.

Free Consultation


I was searching for a law firm with some power to help me deal with a warrant in New York . After 6 days I decided to go with Spodek Law Group. It helped that This law firm is well respected by not only the top law firms in New York , but the DA , Judge as well. I...

~Fonder Brandon

5 Stars
It was my good fortune to retain Spodek Law Group for representation for my legal needs. From the beginning, communication was prompt and thorough. Todd, Kenneth and Alex were the first people I worked with and they all made me feel comfortable and confident that the team was going to work hard for me. Everything was explained and any concerns...

~A G

5 Stars
After meeting with several law firms, I chose the Spodek Law Group not only for their professionalism and experience, but for the personal attention given to me right from the initial consultation. It is important to recognize how crucial having the right legal team is when faced with potentially life altering events that impact families and the lives of loved...

~George Cherubini

Spodek Law Group

White Glove Service

We Provide Superior Service, Excellent Results, At A Level Superior To Other Criminal Defense Law Firms. Regardless Of Where Your Case Is, Nationwide, We Can Help You.
View More

Request Free Consultation

Please fill out the form below to receive a free consultation, we will respond to
your inquiry within 24-hours guaranteed.


85 Broad St 30th Floor, New York, NY 10004


get directions

Los Angeles

611 S Catalina St Suite 222, Los Angeles, CA 90005


get directions


35-37 36th St, 2nd Floor Astoria, NY 11106


get directions


195 Montague St., 14th Floor, Brooklyn, NY 11201


get directions
Call Now!