In the United States, a federal crime is defined as a crime that is illegal due to federal legislation. When people are accused of federal crimes, they’ll be charged in federal criminal court rather than state courts. Depending on the circumstances, a person might face criminal charges on both the federal and state level.
A person cannot be tried for exactly the same charge at the federal and state level simultaneously. This is because of the Constitutional right protecting against double jeopardy. People cannot be tried twice for the same crime; double trials at the state and federal level violate this clause. But sometimes people will be charged with federal crimes and separate state crimes regarding the same incident.
If you’re accused of a federal crime, it’s important to hire a lawyer who is experienced in negotiating at both the federal and state levels. Your lawyer is your main line of defense against the entire might of the United States government and justice system.
United States federal law outlines a number of different offense levels:
If a crime involved inter-state currency, it will most likely be charged at the federal level. If crimes were committed in multiple states, sometimes they will be tried at the federal level in order to avoid having multiple criminal trials in multiple states.
These are some of the crimes that are tried at the federal level:
When federal offenses are drug related, a mandatory minimum might be enforced if the defendant traffics, cultivates, sells, or imports drugs across state or national borders. Mandatory minimum sentences refer to minimum sentences for certain drug offenses that are federally regulated.
The guidelines for prosecution have been established through the office of the United States Attorney. There are also statutes established by Congress, and guidelines specific to every federal judicial district. It’s important to contact a lawyer who understands how to negotiate using these guidelines.
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