Service & Results.

nyc criminal lawyers over 30 years of experienceWe Know How To Win Cases

Spodek Law Group handles tough cases
nationwide, that demand excellence.

Get Free Consultation

Faced 5+ Years in Prison

People Vs Joseph Amico

Covered by NYDaily News. Las Vegas man accused of threatening a prominent attorney and making vile remarks.

Faced 10+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Anna Sorokin

Covered by New York Times, and other outlets. Fake heiress accused of conning the city’s wealthy, and has an HBO special being made about her.

Faced 3+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Genevieve Sabourin

Accused of stalking Alec Baldwin. The case garnered nationwide attention, with USAToday, NYPost, and other media outlets following it closely.

Faced Potential Charges

Ghislaine Maxwell Juror

Juror who prompted calls for new Ghislaine Maxwell trial turns to lawyer who defended Anna Sorokin.

Why Choose Us

Clients can use our portal to track the status of their case, stay in touch with us, upload documents, and more.

Regardless of the type of situation you're facing, our attorneys are here to help you get quality representation.

We can setup consultations in person, over Zoom, or over the phone to help you. Bottom line, we're here to help you win your case.

Law in the Media

View All

Meet Todd Spodek


The Spodek Law Group understands how delicate high-profile cases can be, and has a strong track record of getting positive outcomes. Our lawyers service a clientele that is nationwide. With offices in both LA and NYC, and cases all across the country - Spodek Law Group is a top tier law firm.

Todd Spodek is a second generation attorney with immense experience. He has many years of experience handling 100’s of tough and hard to win trials. He’s been featured on major news outlets, such as New York Post, Newsweek, Fox 5 New York, South China Morning Post, Insider.com, and many others.

In 2022, Netflix released a series about one of Todd’s clients: Anna Delvey/Anna Sorokin.

Why Clients Choose Spodek Law Group

The reason is simple: clients want white glove service, and lawyers who can win. Every single client who works with the Spodek Law Group is aware that the attorney they hire could drastically change the outcome of their case. Hiring the Spodek Law Group means you’re taking your future seriously. Our lawyers handle cases nationwide, ranging from NYC to LA. Our philosophy is fair and simple: our nyc criminal lawyers only take on clients who we know will benefit from our services.

We’re selective about the clients we work with, and only take on cases we know align with our experience – and where we can make a difference. This is different from other law firms who are not invested in your success nor care about your outcome.

If you have a legal issue, call us for a consultation.
We are available 24/7, to help you with any – and all, challenges you face.

NY Penal Law 165 Theft of Services

By Spodek Law Group | June 7, 2016
(Last Updated On: July 27, 2023)

Last Updated on: 27th July 2023, 04:34 pm

In this post we’ll be continuing to look at various theft crimes, this time honing in on what’s considered to be theft of services. Let’s get started by looking at what theft of services is and how exactly you’d be considered guilty of it.

Theft of services.

To be guilty of theft of services, you’ll have to have obtained some kind of service, or try to induce the supplier of some kind of service to agree to payment on a credit basis by using a credit or debit card you know is stolen. Another way is if you avoided payment for a restaurant, hotel, motel, or a similar place, all with the intent to not pay. You can also be considered guilty of this crime if you try to use some sort of public transportation without paying, or if you avoid payment by force, intimidation, stealth, deception, or other similar ways of not paying.
Now that we’ve looked at some of the ways you can be charged with this crime when you refuse to pay for some kind of physical service, we’re going to take a look at theft of services in regards to utilities. This is done when you obtain or else attempt to obtain some kind of telecommunications, cable, gas, water, or other kind of service with the intent to avoid payment, and do this by either tampering with the equipment to make this happen or offer for sale some kind of telecommunications decoder or descrambler to break encryption in order to receive service without payment. You can also be guilty of this by misrepresenting facts, or through any other kind of trick or deception to make this happen. It’s important to note, though, that the telecommunications decoder or descrambler we’ve talked about doesn’t include any non-decoding and non-descrambling channel frequency converter that’s accepted by the FCC.\
Now in any prosecution for this specific crime, proof that the telecommunications equipment was tampered with without the consent of the supplier will be considered presumptive evidence that the resident has created this condition in order to defraud the supplier. Someone who tampers with this equipment without the consent of the supplier is presumed to have done so to avoid payment for this service. Also, in any of these prosecutions, proof that a decoder or descrambler was offered for sale will be presumptive evidence that the person obtained this service without the intent to pay.
But beyond just using devices that get past encryption in order to get services for free, there are some other ways that you can be considered guilty of theft of services. One way is to sell an existing/canceled access device. Another way is to use such a device, and another is to knowingly obtain a telecommunications service, with some sort of fraudulent intent, by using a false name or access device. Now device basically means any phone calling card number, credit card number, or other type of ID that can be used to get telephone service. Another way to be in violation of this law is if you tamper with some sort of meter in order to stop the meter from working properly without consent of the supplier. Proof that a meter has been tampered with is considered presumptive evidence that the person involved created a condition where they wouldn’t have to pay for services. Also, it’s safe to assume that someone who tampers with this device is doing so with the intent to avoid payment for the service involved.
But these aren’t the only ways you can be guilty of this crime. Another way is to knowingly accept some kind of gas, electricity, or other service that should go through a meter, without using the meter. Of course in any case involving this kind of thing, it’s presumptive evidence that the service has been diverted in an intentional way, or that the person intentionally tampered with equipment. But along with theft of services when it comes to utilities, you can also be considered guilty of this charge if you try to gain admission into a theatre or other similar place without paying/intending to pay.
Theft of services isn’t just limited to using utilities in an unauthorized way or sneaking into public transit or some kind of performance without paying. It’s also when you use the labor of someone else without paying, or even if you use some kind of computer service without the intention of actually paying to use it. At the end of the day, theft of services is considered a class A misdemeanor, provided that the theft of services wasn’t in excess of $100, and that you haven’t been previously convicted of theft of services.
So there you have it.

Theft of services refers to intentionally obtaining or attempting to obtain services without payment or with the intention of not paying. This can include using a stolen credit card to pay for services, avoiding payment for public transportation or utilities, and using the labor of someone else without paying for it. Theft of services can also include using computer services without intending to pay or tampering with equipment or meters to avoid paying for utilities. These actions can lead to prosecution and are generally considered class A misdemeanors, with potential consequences escalating if the value of the stolen services is over $100, or if there is a prior conviction.

Free Consultation


I was searching for a law firm with some power to help me deal with a warrant in New York . After 6 days I decided to go with Spodek Law Group. It helped that This law firm is well respected by not only the top law firms in New York , but the DA , Judge as well. I...

~Fonder Brandon

5 Stars
It was my good fortune to retain Spodek Law Group for representation for my legal needs. From the beginning, communication was prompt and thorough. Todd, Kenneth and Alex were the first people I worked with and they all made me, and my company Qumana skincare feel comfortable and confident that the team was going to work hard for me. Everything...

~A G

5 Stars
After meeting with several law firms, I chose the Spodek Law Group not only for their professionalism and experience, but for the personal attention given to me right from the initial consultation. It is important to recognize how crucial having the right legal team is when faced with potentially life altering events that impact families and the lives of loved...

~George Cherubini

Spodek Law Group

White Glove Service

We Provide Superior Service, Excellent Results, At A Level Superior To Other Criminal Defense Law Firms. Regardless Of Where Your Case Is, Nationwide, We Can Help You.
View More

Request Free Consultation

Please fill out the form below to receive a free consultation, we will respond to
your inquiry within 24-hours guaranteed.


85 Broad St 30th Floor, New York, NY 10004


get directions

Los Angeles

611 S Catalina St Suite 222, Los Angeles, CA 90005


get directions


35-37 36th St, 2nd Floor Astoria, NY 11106


get directions


195 Montague St., 14th Floor, Brooklyn, NY 11201


get directions
Call Now!