Service & Results.

nyc criminal lawyers over 30 years of experienceWe Know How To Win Cases

Spodek Law Group handles tough cases
nationwide, that demand excellence.

Get Free Consultation

Faced 5+ Years in Prison

People Vs Joseph Amico

Covered by NYDaily News. Las Vegas man accused of threatening a prominent attorney and making vile remarks.

Faced 10+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Anna Sorokin

Covered by New York Times, and other outlets. Fake heiress accused of conning the city’s wealthy, and has an HBO special being made about her.

Faced 3+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Genevieve Sabourin

Accused of stalking Alec Baldwin. The case garnered nationwide attention, with USAToday, NYPost, and other media outlets following it closely.

Faced Potential Charges

Ghislaine Maxwell Juror

Juror who prompted calls for new Ghislaine Maxwell trial turns to lawyer who defended Anna Sorokin.

Why Choose Us

Clients can use our portal to track the status of their case, stay in touch with us, upload documents, and more.

Regardless of the type of situation you're facing, our attorneys are here to help you get quality representation.

We can setup consultations in person, over Zoom, or over the phone to help you. Bottom line, we're here to help you win your case.

Law in the Media

View All

Meet Todd Spodek


The Spodek Law Group understands how delicate high-profile cases can be, and has a strong track record of getting positive outcomes. Our lawyers service a clientele that is nationwide. With offices in both LA and NYC, and cases all across the country - Spodek Law Group is a top tier law firm.

Todd Spodek is a second generation attorney with immense experience. He has many years of experience handling 100’s of tough and hard to win trials. He’s been featured on major news outlets, such as New York Post, Newsweek, Fox 5 New York, South China Morning Post, Insider.com, and many others.

In 2022, Netflix released a series about one of Todd’s clients: Anna Delvey/Anna Sorokin.

Why Clients Choose Spodek Law Group

The reason is simple: clients want white glove service, and lawyers who can win. Every single client who works with the Spodek Law Group is aware that the attorney they hire could drastically change the outcome of their case. Hiring the Spodek Law Group means you’re taking your future seriously. Our lawyers handle cases nationwide, ranging from NYC to LA. Our philosophy is fair and simple: our nyc criminal lawyers only take on clients who we know will benefit from our services.

We’re selective about the clients we work with, and only take on cases we know align with our experience – and where we can make a difference. This is different from other law firms who are not invested in your success nor care about your outcome.

If you have a legal issue, call us for a consultation.
We are available 24/7, to help you with any – and all, challenges you face.

Ny Conditional Discharge In A Criminal Case


New York Conditional Discharge in a Criminal Case

What is a Conditional Discharge Sentence?

With a conditional discharge, the judge sentences the defendant but does not send them to jail or place them on probation. The judge will establish conditions that the defendant must abide by during the conditional discharge period. As long as the defendant satisfies all the conditions and avoids any new arrests, the charges will be dismissed and sealed at the end of the conditional discharge term.

Some common conditions imposed on a conditional discharge include:

  • Remaining arrest-free
  • Completing a substance abuse or mental health treatment program
  • Performing a certain number of hours of community service
  • Making restitution payments to victims
  • Complying with an order of protection
  • Surrendering firearms or weapons
  • Maintaining employment or supporting dependents

The judge has wide discretion in setting the precise terms and conditions based on the circumstances of the case. The goal is to have conditions aimed at rehabilitation rather than traditional forms of punishment like incarceration.

When is a Conditional Discharge Allowed?

There are limits on the types of charges where a conditional discharge disposition is permitted in New York. It is not an option for every kind of criminal offense.

In general, a conditional discharge may be imposed for:

  • Violations
  • Class A misdemeanors
  • Class B misdemeanors
  • Class E non-violent felonies
  • Some Class D felonies

More serious violent felony charges like robbery, assault, rape, or sex crimes are typically not eligible for a conditional discharge plea.

The judge also has to decide that a conditional discharge would serve the interests of justice better than jail or probation in the particular case. They will look at all the circumstances like the details of the incident, the defendant’s criminal history, background, and personal situation when making this determination.

So a conditional discharge is never guaranteed – the judge has to agree it’s appropriate after reviewing all the specific facts. The prosecution can also oppose a conditional discharge if they feel strongly that jail or probation is warranted.

How Does the Conditional Discharge Process Work?

If the judge agrees to impose a conditional discharge sentence, the process will work as follows:

  • The judge will establish the conditions the defendant must comply with and the length of time, typically 1-3 years. This gets written up as a formal court order.
  • The defendant agrees to follow the conditions by signing the order at the sentencing hearing.
  • As long as the defendant fully satisfies the conditions and avoids any new arrests, the case will be dismissed and sealed after the conditional discharge period ends.
  • If the defendant violates any of the conditions, they could face being resentenced to jail or probation. The judge may even impose the maximum penalty allowed for the original charges.

It is critically important for the defendant to completely understand the conditional discharge terms and comply with them fully. Depending on the type of violation, the consequences can be severe like serving the maximum jail sentence.

The Pros and Cons of a Conditional Discharge

There are some clear benefits to a conditional discharge in cases where it’s permitted:


  • Avoiding jail time and probation supervision
  • Having the charges dismissed and sealed from the defendant’s record
  • Getting a second chance to avoid a criminal conviction
  • More lenient conditions focused on rehabilitation


  • Strict compliance with all conditions is required
  • Even minor violations can lead to jail or probation
  • Maximum penalties can be imposed if re-sentenced
  • Not available for serious felony charges

As you can see, a conditional discharge disposition requires a lot of responsibility on the defendant’s part. The pros and cons need to be weighed very carefully when considering whether to accept a conditional discharge plea offer.

How to Get a Conditional Discharge in Your Case

If you’re seeking a conditional discharge to resolve your criminal charges, having an experienced New York criminal defense lawyer on your side is extremely helpful. Here’s how an attorney can assist:

  • Analyze your specific charges and background to advise if a conditional discharge is a realistic possibility.
  • Negotiate with the prosecutor and try to persuade them to come on board with a conditional discharge plea. The judge always has final say, but a prosecutor’s recommendation holds a lot of weight.
  • Present mitigating factors about your background and argue why a conditional discharge would serve the interests of justice.
  • Draft proposed conditional discharge terms and conditions that are favorable for you to present to the judge.
  • Guide you through the conditional discharge process if granted and help ensure compliance.

While a conditional discharge can be a very favorable outcome in appropriate cases, it’s not guaranteed to be offered or approved. An experienced lawyer gives you the best chance at securing this disposition.

When a Conditional Discharge May Not be Offered

There are certain situations where a conditional discharge is very unlikely to be presented by the prosecution or approved by the judge:

  • Cases involving very serious, violent felony charges like murder, rape, robbery, etc.
  • Defendants with an extensive prior criminal record.
  • Mandatory minimum penalties or sentencing guidelines apply.
  • The judge or victim advocate strongly opposes a conditional discharge.
  • The prosecutor insists on harsher punishment through the plea negotiation process.

The key is to consult with your criminal defense lawyer, who can review the charges and background details to advise if conditional discharge is viable or not. Don’t assume it will definitely be an option until your attorney thoroughly examines your case.

Conditional Discharge Restrictions for Sex Offenses

For defendants granted a conditional discharge on certain sex offense convictions, additional mandatory conditions apply under New York law.

These extra restrictions mandated by law include:

  • No internet access without express court permission
  • Restrictions on residing near or entering places with children present
  • Sex offender counseling/treatment
  • Restrictions on employment around children
  • No contact with the victim
  • DNA sample submitted for state database
  • Other limits tailored to the case

These added conditional discharge rules apply to convictions for offenses like rape, criminal sexual act, sexual abuse, possessing child pornography, and related charges under Articles 130, 235, and 263 of the New York Penal Law. The extra conditions aim to protect public safety and prevent re-offending.

Free Consultation


I was searching for a law firm with some power to help me deal with a warrant in New York . After 6 days I decided to go with Spodek Law Group. It helped that This law firm is well respected by not only the top law firms in New York , but the DA , Judge as well. I...

~Fonder Brandon

5 Stars
It was my good fortune to retain Spodek Law Group for representation for my legal needs. From the beginning, communication was prompt and thorough. Todd, Kenneth and Alex were the first people I worked with and they all made me, and my company Qumana skincare feel comfortable and confident that the team was going to work hard for me. Everything...

~A G

5 Stars
After meeting with several law firms, I chose the Spodek Law Group not only for their professionalism and experience, but for the personal attention given to me right from the initial consultation. It is important to recognize how crucial having the right legal team is when faced with potentially life altering events that impact families and the lives of loved...

~George Cherubini

Spodek Law Group

White Glove Service

We Provide Superior Service, Excellent Results, At A Level Superior To Other Criminal Defense Law Firms. Regardless Of Where Your Case Is, Nationwide, We Can Help You.
View More

Request Free Consultation

Please fill out the form below to receive a free consultation, we will respond to
your inquiry within 24-hours guaranteed.


85 Broad St 30th Floor, New York, NY 10004


get directions

Los Angeles

611 S Catalina St Suite 222, Los Angeles, CA 90005


get directions


35-37 36th St, 2nd Floor Astoria, NY 11106


get directions


195 Montague St., 14th Floor, Brooklyn, NY 11201


get directions
Call Now!