New York Penal Law 405.18: Aggravated unpermitted use of indoor pyrotechnics in the first degree

New York Penal Law 405.18: Aggravated unpermitted use of indoor pyrotechnics in the first degree

Many New York laws help keep people safe. They’re intended to stop people from doing dangerous things. If lawmakers believe that activities pose an unreasonable risk of harm to society, they can prohibit the activity.


One of the things that New York regulates with criminal laws is indoor pyrotechnics. There are several different crimes that relate to the unlawful use of indoor fireworks. Aggravated unpermitted use of indoor pyrotechnics in the first degree requires the actor to commit all of the elements of unpermitted use of indoor pyrotechnics in the second degree.

First, the person must be the one responsible to get a permit. They must not have gotten the permit. They must knowingly detonate the fireworks themselves or allow someone else to detonate the fireworks in a building.

To make the charges aggravated use of pyrotechnics in the first degree, the person’s actions must recklessly cause the death or severe injury of another person. Aggravated use of pyrotechnics in the first degree is a violation of New York Penal Law 405.18.

Related charges

First-degree aggravated umpermitted use of indoor pyrotechnics is the most severe of the indoor pyrotechnics charges. Second-degree aggravated use is less severe. A second-degree offense is still a felony, but it is a class E felony instead of a class D felony.

To make the charge an aggravated charge in the second degree instead of in the first degree, the actor must either physically injure another person or cause property damage of more than $250. The property damaged must be someone else’s property. There can be no serious physical injury or death.

Defenses and examples

If you’re facing pyrotechnics charges, the NYC criminal attorneys at Spodek Law Group can help you evaluate your case and see what defenses might apply. A common defense to this charge is that the person did not actually detonate the fireworks or give anyone else permission to detonate the fireworks. For example, Carlos obtains fireworks for an upcoming band performance in a nightclub. He plans to secure the necessary permit before he uses the fireworks in a show.

Before Carlos gets the chance, Carlos’ brother finds the fireworks. The brother and his friends set off the fireworks in a building. One of the friends loses his hand and suffers from severe burns.

The law requires Carlos to act knowingly. In this scenario, Carlos didn’t knowingly allow anyone else to set off the fireworks. If Carlos’ brother took the fireworks without Carlos’ permission, Carlos might have a complete defense to the charge.

You might also defend the charges on the grounds that the person hurt didn’t suffer severe injuries. In the previous example, the friend might have suffered only burns. In that case, in addition to other defenses, Carlos might argue that the injured man didn’t suffer from anything more than minor injuries.


Aggravated use of indoor pyrotechnics in the first degree is a class D felony. You can spend up to seven years in prison if you’re convicted of this offense. In addition to jail, a violation of New York penal law 405.18 can also bring you five years of probation, a fine and restitution. If you commit a pyrotechnic-related offense and you have a prior conviction, you can face more serious charges.


If you use fireworks unlawfully, law enforcement can take the remaining fireworks from you. If the courts find that you have the fireworks unlawfully, they can order law enforcement to destroy them. They can also preserve the fireworks to use as evidence at a trial.

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