NYC Child Support Lawyers
New York Child Support Lawyers
The majority of child support cases are handled in a New York Family Court. According to the New York City Bar, in child support matters, a judge and an attorney for one or both parents is present in court. In some circumsntaces, a hearing examiner hears the case and renders a decision instead of a judge. matters involving children whose families are on public assistance are heard in a family court located in Manhattan. After all of the evidence is heard by a judge or examiner and the proper calculations have been completed, a decision is given as to who pays child support, who receives the support payment and how much will be paid. A child support hearing that comes after a divorce might be heard in the Supreme Court.
Who’s Responsible for Child Support?
Often, parents think that failing to maintain contact with the child relieves them of the obligation to pay child support. On the contrary, even if a parent does not talk to or see their children, support is still their obligation. The custodial parent retains the right to file a motion for child support with the help of a lawyer according to the New York State DCSE. Parents who don’t have a job, those who are incarcerated and those who are disabled are still obligated to pay support. In situations where the absent parent is behind bars or they can prove a minimal income, the support payment is adjusted to a state minimum. Sometimes, the custodial parent may be asked to prove that the absent parent is the biological parent of the child. The absent parent can ask for such proof.
New York Child Support Guidelines
For years, the manner in which child support was determined varied greatly. Family Support Act of 1988 consolidated and standardized the process. The federal government passed an act to establish a more concise and uniform process to custody proceedings. Three methods are employed to calculate the amount of child support required monthly.
Percentage of Income
The non-custodial parent’s income is added up. Then, a fixed amount is given to the other parent for child support. Many states use this method for its child support matters.
At times, the court considers the income from both parents to determine how much of their income must go towards care for their children. That number is divided equally between the parents and the non-custodial parent pays half of the decided amount. This model operates on the basis of the standard that a child must get the same proportion of parental income that they would have gotten if the parents had stayed together. Because of this, the guidelines capture both parents’ incomes in the calculation and the percentages stay the same irrespective of the parents’ level of income.
This builds on top of the income shares method. Both parents pay equally, but it’ll factor in cost of living increases over the years. The formula then calculates the total remaining combined parental income, the noncustodial parent’s percentage, and applies the noncustodial parent’s percentage to a standard =
Percentage of Income for Child Support Payments
The guidelines in NY Child Support consist of fixed percentages of gross income. They only vary based on the number of children involved:
Pay 17% of parent’s income combined for 1 child;
Pay 25% of parent’s income combined for 2 children;
Pay 29% of parent’s income combined for 3 children;
Pay 31% of parent’s income combined for 4 children; and
Pay a minimum of 35% of parent’s income combined if there are 5 children or more.
Considerations and Determinations
Although the methods for figuring out the child support payments address one of the previous 3 methods, other factors can come into under the microscope. For instance, the custodial parent may make more money than the non-custodial parent. The following considerations become critical in a child support matter:
Child support from other non-custodial parent
Health insurance expenses
Day care and shared expenses
Time spent and joint custody arrangements that are in place
Child Support: Step-Parents
If the absent parent is a step-parent, then support can only be ordered if the amount would help to prevent the child from receiving any kind of public assistance. As soon as a marriage is dissolved, then the step-parent typically has no financial responsibility for the child. An Order of Filiation can be entered by either parent. This order establishes the legal biological relationship to a child because there are some issues where one person whose name is listed on the birth certificate and another person is the biological parent. If the father of a child signed an Acknowledgment of Paternity when the child was born, then the order isn’t required. Even in cases where the parent signed the birth certificate, there is no legal claim unless the acknowledgment is signed or the order proves that the child is indeed the absent parent’s. If the parent, which is the father in most matters, objects to the results of the order, then a DNA test is typically ordered to prove paternity.
After Your Case
When all of the paperwork is processed and a designated amount has been assigned, there will be a review of how the custodial parent wants to receive the payments and when the payments will be made. Generally, payments are ordered to be made so that they follow the pay schedule of the absent payor. A custodial parent who has a child on PA usually has to sign over rights to get child support in order to get the public assistance.
A seasoned New York child support lawyer will be there with you from start to finish with your case against the other parent. In the wake of a divorce, it could be a smooth process or as contentious as the divorce was itself. You should be prepared with an experienced attorney who knows how to navigate family law.
What are the best interests of the child?
There are any number of issues that may cause you to wind up in a courtroom for proceedings related to your child, especially if you’re currently navigating a divorce. In a perfect world, you and your ex would move on in life in a perpetually peaceful fashion, providing for your children’s needs and working together to resolve any problems that arise. In reality, parents often disagree about child-related issues. When the parents in question are trying to settle a divorce or have recently finalized a divorce, they may request the court’s intervention if they’re unable to achieve a solution. In every custody or child support case, the court has the best interest of the child in mind.
How does the court determine what’s best?
Child custody refers to numerous legal issues, such as where a child lives and who has the authority to make decisions on his or her behalf. Such proceedings may also involve issues regarding child support or visitation rights. When a set of parents cannot achieve an agreement on a particular issue, it’s left to a family court judge to decide what is best for the child in question. Such issues are often complex, and the court typically takes numerous factors under consideration before handing down a ruling.
The age of a child is a primary consideration when a family court judge is determining what is best for him or her in a specific circumstance. Additional factors depend on what exact issue is being litigated, such as physical or legal custody, child support or visitation rights. Every state governs such matters under its own guidelines. The court may review various issues, such as income of both parents, as well as each parent’s physical and mental health status. When determining what is best for a particular child regarding physical custody, the court analyzes the relationship the child has with each parent, in particular, whether he or she spent a majority of time with one parent or the other before they filed for divorce.
If one parent accuses the other of being unfit
To protect the best interest of the child, the court considers safety a top priority. If a concerned parent tells the court that he or she believes the other parent places the child at risk, the judge overseeing the case may order an investigation. The parent bringing an accusation before the court must provide evidence to prove that the other parent is unfit and that it would be in the best interst of the child to have supervised visits only or to not have visitation at all.
There is a big difference between opposing styles of parenting and behavior that places at child at risk for physical or emotional harm. For instance, if one parent is upset that the other is too lenient, perhaps, not instituting household rules about bed times or how much time a child may spend on social media, it doesn’t necessarily mean the court will determine that such issues make the parent in question unfit for custody or visitation. On the other hand, if a concerned parent has evidence that the other parent is addicted to drugs or alcohol or has a gambling problem, it may greatly influence the court’s decision regarding the best interest of the child.
Resolving issues regarding the best interest of the child
It’s not uncommon for parents to disagree about child-related issues, especially after divorce. It takes time to learn to co-parent in an amicable manner. In many cases, if parents are willing to peacefully discuss their disagreements in order to search for common ground and achieve a compromise, they may be able to resolve minor issues on their own. Divorce definitely prompts changes in a family’s day-to-day life, but if parents keep their child’s best interests in mind, they can develop a co-parenting plan that provides for their child’s needs and helps him or her move on in life without adding unnecessary stress to the situation.
However, if a parent feels unable to resolve a specific issue, particularly a legal matter, he or she may seek the court’s intervention to protect the best interest of the child. If a co-parent is refusing to cooperate or has disregarded an existing court order, the court can enforce the order or, if it determines cause to do so, can hold a parent in contempt. For instance, if a parent has been ordered to pay child support and payments are delinquent, the court may determine that the best interest of the child is not being served and can take legal action to rectify the situation.