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New Yorks New Concealed Carry Laws

By Spodek Law Group | July 17, 2023
(Last Updated On: October 15, 2023)

Last Updated on: 15th October 2023, 12:49 pm

New York’s New Concealed Carry Laws: What You Need to Know

New York recently passed new laws regulating concealed carry permits in response to a Supreme Court decision striking down parts of the state’s previous concealed carry law. These new laws have caused a lot of confusion and debate. This article will break down the key changes and what they mean for New Yorkers wanting to carry concealed firearms.

Background on NY’s Old Concealed Carry Law

For over 100 years, New York required people seeking a concealed carry permit to show proper cause – meaning you had to demonstrate a special need for self-defense[1]. This was struck down by the Supreme Court in June 2022, with the court ruling there is a broad constitutional right for law-abiding citizens to carry guns outside the home for self-defense[2].

In response, New York lawmakers quickly passed the Concealed Carry Improvement Act. It aims to address the Supreme Court decision while still restricting concealed carry rights[3].

Key Changes in New Concealed Carry Laws

Here are some of the major changes in New York’s new concealed carry laws:

New Permit Requirements

  • Training: Applicants must complete 16 hours of classroom training and 2 hours of live-fire training[1]. Current permit holders don’t need to complete this when recertifying.
  • Interview: In-person interview with licensing officer required[1].
  • Social media review: Applicants must provide a list of current and former social media accounts from the past 3 years[1].
  • Character references: 4 character references required[1].
  • Renewals: Permits must be renewed every 3 years rather than 5 years[1].

New Restrictions on Where You Can Carry

The new laws prohibit carrying firearms in “sensitive locations” including[1]:

  • Times Square
  • Bars, restaurants serving alcohol
  • Libraries
  • Schools
  • Government buildings
  • Healthcare facilities
  • Public transit
  • Parks
  • Protests and rallies

There are some exemptions – active law enforcement officers can still carry in sensitive locations for example[3]. But in general, carrying in these locations can result in felony charges, even if you have a valid concealed carry permit[1].

Pushback From Gun Owners

Many gun owners argue these new restrictions violate their 2nd Amendment rights under the Supreme Court’s ruling[4]. Groups like the NRA and Firearms Policy Coalition have filed lawsuits challenging the laws[2].

In October 2022, a federal judge struck down parts of the law including the social media review and “good moral character” requirements[2]. However, this decision was quickly put on hold pending appeal.

For now, most of the law remains in effect but things keep changing as legal battles continue. Permit applicants and holders have been confused by fluctuating rules[2].

What This Means For Concealed Carry in NY

New York is trying to balance public safety with expanded concealed carry rights. But the new laws are facing extensive legal challenges. Things will remain murky until higher courts make a final ruling.

For now, the training, interview, and “sensitive locations” provisions are in effect. So getting a concealed carry permit in New York remains difficult compared to many other states.

The Supreme Court’s ruling means “proper cause” can’t be required anymore. But it’s unclear how far New York can go in imposing other permit restrictions. Gun owners feel the new laws still make getting a permit too hard while violating their rights. More court battles are ahead.

How To Apply for a NY Concealed Carry Permit

If you want to apply for a NY concealed carry permit, here are some steps:

  • Complete 16 hour training course and 2 hour live fire training[3].
  • Obtain 4 character references from people who’ve known you for at least a year[3].
  • Schedule an in-person interview with your county’s licensing officer[3].
  • Provide contact info for family members and list of social media accounts[3].
  • Submit your application and pay the licensing fee (around $300) [4].
  • Wait for a decision. Licensing officers have broad discretion, so meeting requirements doesn’t guarantee approval[4].

The process takes at least 6 months but often longer[4]. Many counties in NY rarely issue unrestricted concealed carry permits. Expect a thorough background check.

Getting approved for concealed carry in NY remains extremely difficult compared to most states. Very few civilians are granted unrestricted permits. The new laws are unlikely to significantly change that.


New York’s concealed carry laws are in a state of flux. The state is trying to preserve public safety while complying with the Supreme Court’s guidance on the 2nd Amendment. But gun owners feel their rights are still being violated. Ongoing lawsuits mean more uncertainty ahead.

For now, expect a lengthy, intrusive application process for NY concealed carry permits. Restrictions on carrying in “sensitive locations” remain in place for civilian permit holders. New York continues trying to limit concealed carry rights despite pushback from gun owners.


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