Service & Results.

nyc criminal lawyers over 30 years of experienceWe Know How To Win Cases

Spodek Law Group handles tough cases
nationwide, that demand excellence.

Get Free Consultation

Faced 5+ Years in Prison

People Vs Joseph Amico

Covered by NYDaily News. Las Vegas man accused of threatening a prominent attorney and making vile remarks.

Faced 10+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Anna Sorokin

Covered by New York Times, and other outlets. Fake heiress accused of conning the city’s wealthy, and has an HBO special being made about her.

Faced 3+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Genevieve Sabourin

Accused of stalking Alec Baldwin. The case garnered nationwide attention, with USAToday, NYPost, and other media outlets following it closely.

Faced Potential Charges

Ghislaine Maxwell Juror

Juror who prompted calls for new Ghislaine Maxwell trial turns to lawyer who defended Anna Sorokin.

Why Choose Us

Clients can use our portal to track the status of their case, stay in touch with us, upload documents, and more.

Regardless of the type of situation you're facing, our attorneys are here to help you get quality representation.

We can setup consultations in person, over Zoom, or over the phone to help you. Bottom line, we're here to help you win your case.

Law in the Media

View All

Meet Todd Spodek


The Spodek Law Group understands how delicate high-profile cases can be, and has a strong track record of getting positive outcomes. Our lawyers service a clientele that is nationwide. With offices in both LA and NYC, and cases all across the country - Spodek Law Group is a top tier law firm.

Todd Spodek is a second generation attorney with immense experience. He has many years of experience handling 100’s of tough and hard to win trials. He’s been featured on major news outlets, such as New York Post, Newsweek, Fox 5 New York, South China Morning Post, Insider.com, and many others.

In 2022, Netflix released a series about one of Todd’s clients: Anna Delvey/Anna Sorokin.

Why Clients Choose Spodek Law Group

The reason is simple: clients want white glove service, and lawyers who can win. Every single client who works with the Spodek Law Group is aware that the attorney they hire could drastically change the outcome of their case. Hiring the Spodek Law Group means you’re taking your future seriously. Our lawyers handle cases nationwide, ranging from NYC to LA. Our philosophy is fair and simple: our nyc criminal lawyers only take on clients who we know will benefit from our services.

We’re selective about the clients we work with, and only take on cases we know align with our experience – and where we can make a difference. This is different from other law firms who are not invested in your success nor care about your outcome.

If you have a legal issue, call us for a consultation.
We are available 24/7, to help you with any – and all, challenges you face.

What are the penalties for hacking and computer trespass?

By Spodek Law Group | October 16, 2023
(Last Updated On: October 17, 2023)

Last Updated on: 17th October 2023, 10:57 pm


Penalties for Hacking and Computer Trespass

Hacking and computer trespass can lead to serious criminal penalties. Here is an overview of some of the laws and punishments around unauthorized computer access:

Federal Laws and Penalties

The main federal law dealing with hacking and computer trespass is the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA) [1]. The CFAA prohibits accessing a computer without authorization or exceeding authorized access. Penalties under the CFAA can include:

  • Up to 1 year in prison for simple unauthorized access offenses
  • Up to 5 years in prison if computers involved government computers or computers at financial institutions
  • Up to 10 years in prison if the offense was committed for commercial advantage, malicious destruction, or other serious crimes
  • Up to 20 years in prison if serious bodily injury results or if prior hacking offenses were committed[2]

State Laws and Penalties

Most states have their own computer crime laws that prohibit unauthorized access similar to the CFAA. Exact laws and punishments vary by state but can include[6]:

  • Felonies punishable by years in prison for offenses like identity theft, damage to systems, or hacking government computers
  • Misdemeanors punishable by up to 1 year in jail for unauthorized access and computer trespass

For example, in California unauthorized computer access can be prosecuted as a misdemeanor or felony depending on intent and damage caused. As a misdemeanor it is punishable by up to 1 year in jail. As a felony, it is punishable by 16 months to 3 years in prison.

Civil Liability

In addition to criminal penalties, hacking and unauthorized computer access can also lead to civil liability. Victims can sue hackers for damages under various legal theories like trespass, breach of contract, and violation of the CFAA or state computer crime laws.

Damages can include the costs of investigating the hacking, repairing systems, lost revenue, and harm to reputation. If the hacking violated privacy laws, statutory damages up to $1000 per person may be available.


There are various defenses that may apply in hacking and computer trespass cases:

  • Authorization: If you had permission to access a system, there is no crime. Authorization is a common defense in cases involving employees, contractors, or others with some level of approved access.
  • No intent: Many computer crime laws require intent to access or damage systems. If there was no intent, there may be no crime.
  • Misidentification: If you did not actually access the computer system, you cannot be guilty of hacking or trespass.
  • Good faith belief of authorization: If you had a reasonable, good faith belief you had authorization to access a system, this may provide a defense even if the access was technically not permitted.
  • Lack of damage/loss: In some cases, there must be proof of damage, loss, or harm for a computer crime conviction. If no damage resulted, there may be no crime.
  • Unlawful police conduct: If evidence was obtained illegally by police, it may be suppressed and the case dismissed.

Avoiding Hacking Charges

The best way to avoid hacking charges is to avoid unauthorized computer access entirely. Some tips:

  • Do not access any computer system without clear permission
  • Follow all policies and agreements related to computer and network access
  • If in doubt about authorization, ask first before proceeding
  • Do not share logins or passwords
  • Do not try to bypass security measures or exploit vulnerabilities
  • If notified access is unauthorized, stop immediately

Hacking charges can have serious consequences. If questioned by police or charged, it is recommended to consult with an attorney experienced in computer crime defense. An attorney can advise on defenses based on the specific facts and negotiate with prosecutors for reduced charges or punishments.

With the right legal help, certain penalties may be avoided. But it is important to involve an attorney early in the process before discussing the case with law enforcement.

Free Consultation


I was searching for a law firm with some power to help me deal with a warrant in New York . After 6 days I decided to go with Spodek Law Group. It helped that This law firm is well respected by not only the top law firms in New York , but the DA , Judge as well. I...

~Fonder Brandon

5 Stars
It was my good fortune to retain Spodek Law Group for representation for my legal needs. From the beginning, communication was prompt and thorough. Todd, Kenneth and Alex were the first people I worked with and they all made me feel comfortable and confident that the team was going to work hard for me. Everything was explained and any concerns...

~A G

5 Stars
After meeting with several law firms, I chose the Spodek Law Group not only for their professionalism and experience, but for the personal attention given to me right from the initial consultation. It is important to recognize how crucial having the right legal team is when faced with potentially life altering events that impact families and the lives of loved...

~George Cherubini

Spodek Law Group

White Glove Service

We Provide Superior Service, Excellent Results, At A Level Superior To Other Criminal Defense Law Firms. Regardless Of Where Your Case Is, Nationwide, We Can Help You.
View More

Request Free Consultation

Please fill out the form below to receive a free consultation, we will respond to
your inquiry within 24-hours guaranteed.


85 Broad St 30th Floor, New York, NY 10004


get directions

Los Angeles

611 S Catalina St Suite 222, Los Angeles, CA 90005


get directions


35-37 36th St, 2nd Floor Astoria, NY 11106


get directions


195 Montague St., 14th Floor, Brooklyn, NY 11201


get directions
Call Now!