Service & Results.

nyc criminal lawyers over 30 years of experienceWe Know How To Win Cases

Spodek Law Group handles tough cases
nationwide, that demand excellence.

Get Free Consultation

Faced 5+ Years in Prison

People Vs Joseph Amico

Covered by NYDaily News. Las Vegas man accused of threatening a prominent attorney and making vile remarks.

Faced 10+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Anna Sorokin

Covered by New York Times, and other outlets. Fake heiress accused of conning the city’s wealthy, and has an HBO special being made about her.

Faced 3+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Genevieve Sabourin

Accused of stalking Alec Baldwin. The case garnered nationwide attention, with USAToday, NYPost, and other media outlets following it closely.

Faced Potential Charges

Ghislaine Maxwell Juror

Juror who prompted calls for new Ghislaine Maxwell trial turns to lawyer who defended Anna Sorokin.

Why Choose Us

Clients can use our portal to track the status of their case, stay in touch with us, upload documents, and more.

Regardless of the type of situation you're facing, our attorneys are here to help you get quality representation.

We can setup consultations in person, over Zoom, or over the phone to help you. Bottom line, we're here to help you win your case.

Law in the Media

View All

Meet Todd Spodek


The Spodek Law Group understands how delicate high-profile cases can be, and has a strong track record of getting positive outcomes. Our lawyers service a clientele that is nationwide. With offices in both LA and NYC, and cases all across the country - Spodek Law Group is a top tier law firm.

Todd Spodek is a second generation attorney with immense experience. He has many years of experience handling 100’s of tough and hard to win trials. He’s been featured on major news outlets, such as New York Post, Newsweek, Fox 5 New York, South China Morning Post, Insider.com, and many others.

In 2022, Netflix released a series about one of Todd’s clients: Anna Delvey/Anna Sorokin.

Why Clients Choose Spodek Law Group

The reason is simple: clients want white glove service, and lawyers who can win. Every single client who works with the Spodek Law Group is aware that the attorney they hire could drastically change the outcome of their case. Hiring the Spodek Law Group means you’re taking your future seriously. Our lawyers handle cases nationwide, ranging from NYC to LA. Our philosophy is fair and simple: our nyc criminal lawyers only take on clients who we know will benefit from our services.

We’re selective about the clients we work with, and only take on cases we know align with our experience – and where we can make a difference. This is different from other law firms who are not invested in your success nor care about your outcome.

If you have a legal issue, call us for a consultation.
We are available 24/7, to help you with any – and all, challenges you face.

Understanding Federal Jurisdiction Over Criminal Cases – Attorney Explanation

Federal Jurisdiction Over Criminal Cases

Hey there! I know you’re probably wondering about how the federal government gets involved in criminal cases. I get it – it can be confusing trying to understand when the feds have jurisdiction versus the state. This article will break it all down for you in simple terms.

What is jurisdiction?

Jurisdiction basically means authority. It refers to a court’s power to hear a case and make decisions about it. There are two main types of jurisdiction in criminal law:

  • Federal jurisdiction – authority of federal courts over federal crimes
  • State jurisdiction – authority of state courts over state crimes

So if a crime violates federal law, it will be tried in federal court. If it violates state law, it will go through the state system. Seems pretty straightforward, right?

Examples of federal jurisdiction

There are a few main ways that federal courts can have jurisdiction over a criminal case:

  1. Crime occurred on federal property
  2. Crime violated federal law (like tax fraud or immigration offenses)
  3. Crime involved federal interest (like terrorism or civil rights violations)
  4. Crime crossed state lines (interstate drug trafficking)

Some examples:

  • Robbing a post office – federal property
  • Smuggling immigrants over the border – federal immigration law
  • Bombing a government building – federal terrorism laws
  • Kidnapping someone and driving them across multiple states – crossed state lines

There are lots of federal criminal laws that give federal courts jurisdiction. Common ones involve federal taxes, mail/wire fraud, civil rights, and drugs/weapons that cross state borders.

Examples of state jurisdiction

Most everyday street crimes fall under state laws and jurisdiction. Things like:

  • Assault
  • Robbery
  • Rape
  • Murder
  • Burglary
  • Car theft

Unless these crimes happen on federal property or involve a federal interest, states handle the cases. Each state has its own criminal laws and courts.

Concurrent jurisdiction

Sometimes a crime violates both federal and state laws. For example, someone might commit murder on federal land. This would give both the state and federal government jurisdiction to prosecute.

When this happens, it’s called “concurrent jurisdiction.” Usually the feds and state will work together to decide who will handle the case. Often the one who starts prosecuting first will keep it.

The downside is that defendants can potentially be tried for the same crime in both federal and state court. This doesn’t violate double jeopardy protections because they are considered separate “offenses.”

How are federal cases different?

There are some key differences in how federal criminal cases work compared to state cases:

  • Federal cases begin with a grand jury deciding if there’s enough evidence to prosecute
  • Burden of proof is on the prosecution – “guilty beyond reasonable doubt”
  • Federal prosecutors are called U.S. Attorneys who work for the U.S. Department of Justice
  • Trials take place in federal district courts in front of a federal judge
  • Sentencing guidelines provide a framework but judges have discretion

The procedures and players are a bit different in the federal system. But the basics like trials, pleas, and sentencing still apply.

Why does it matter?

Understanding jurisdiction is important for a few reasons:

  • Determines what laws apply and the potential penalties
  • Decides what court system will handle the case
  • Impacts the prosecutors, judges, and rules involved
  • Affects the outcomes and consequences for defendants

Federal charges often bring harsher punishments and fewer opportunities for parole. But sometimes federal jurisdiction also provides more resources and flexibility.

The bottom line

Figuring out if a crime will be charged under federal or state laws can be complicated. There are lots of factors involved. But the basic thing to remember is federal courts handle federal crimes, and state courts handle state crimes.

Concurrent jurisdiction cases get tricky. But usually the feds and states coordinate to determine the best venue. The most serious crimes often end up going federal.

I hope this overview helped explain the difference between federal and state jurisdiction in criminal cases! Let me know if you have any other questions.



[1] Federal Crimes & Legal Jurisdiction [2] Federal Jurisdiction Versus State Jurisdiction [3] State vs. Federal Jurisdiction in Criminal Cases [4] Criminal Cases [5] Consequences of Federalizing Criminal Law [6] 18 USC Ch. 211: JURISDICTION AND VENUE

Free Consultation


I was searching for a law firm with some power to help me deal with a warrant in New York . After 6 days I decided to go with Spodek Law Group. It helped that This law firm is well respected by not only the top law firms in New York , but the DA , Judge as well. I...

~Fonder Brandon

5 Stars
It was my good fortune to retain Spodek Law Group for representation for my legal needs. From the beginning, communication was prompt and thorough. Todd, Kenneth and Alex were the first people I worked with and they all made me, and my company Qumana skincare feel comfortable and confident that the team was going to work hard for me. Everything...

~A G

5 Stars
After meeting with several law firms, I chose the Spodek Law Group not only for their professionalism and experience, but for the personal attention given to me right from the initial consultation. It is important to recognize how crucial having the right legal team is when faced with potentially life altering events that impact families and the lives of loved...

~George Cherubini

Spodek Law Group

White Glove Service

We Provide Superior Service, Excellent Results, At A Level Superior To Other Criminal Defense Law Firms. Regardless Of Where Your Case Is, Nationwide, We Can Help You.
View More

Request Free Consultation

Please fill out the form below to receive a free consultation, we will respond to
your inquiry within 24-hours guaranteed.


85 Broad St 30th Floor, New York, NY 10004


get directions

Los Angeles

611 S Catalina St Suite 222, Los Angeles, CA 90005


get directions


35-37 36th St, 2nd Floor Astoria, NY 11106


get directions


195 Montague St., 14th Floor, Brooklyn, NY 11201


get directions
Call Now!