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Last Updated on: 27th May 2023, 12:17 pm
You’ve heard of a restraining order before. Perhaps you are dealing with circumstances that make you wonder if this type of legal protection would be a good idea. Your best bet is to seek legal counsel and determine if a temporary restraining order would be appropriate. Here are some things you should know about this type of court order, when it could apply, and why you need legal counsel to petition for such an order.
What is a Temporary Restraining Order?
Also referred to as Orders of Protection, Temporary Restraining Orders (TRO) are court orders designed to prohibit an individual from engaging in specifically designated activities in relation to another person or entity. Individuals may be restrained by the terms of the TRO from physically approaching another individual and require them to remain at least a minimum amount of distance at all times. The order may bar the person from entering a place of business or other facility for a specified period of time. It may also prohibit an individual from making contact by means of social media, text messaging, email, or by post. The court is likely to issue this type of order when there is reason to believe the accused party is likely to damage the protected party in some manner.
What’s the Legal Basis for a TRO in New York City?
The basis cited by the courts for a TRO in New York City is found in the 2012 New York Consolidated Laws of Civil Practice Law and Rules. While this type of order is mentioned in several articles, Article 63 is especially of note to anyone who wonders if they have the grounds for seeking a TRO. Specifically, Injunction 6313 in Article 63 reads:
“Temporary restraining order. (a) Generally. If, on a motion for a preliminary injunction, the plaintiff shall show that immediate and irreparable injury, loss or damages will result unless the defendant is restrained before a hearing can be had, a temporary restraining order may be granted without notice. Upon granting a temporary restraining order, the court shall set the hearing for the preliminary injunction at the earliest possible time. No temporary restraining order may be granted in an action arising out of a labor dispute as defined in section eight hundred seven of the labor law, nor against a public officer, board or municipal corporation of the state to restrain the performance of statutory duties.
(b) Service. Unless the court orders otherwise, a temporary restraining order together with the papers upon which it was based, and a notice of hearing for the preliminary injunction, shall be personally served in the same manner as a summons.
(c) Undertaking. Prior to the granting of a temporary restraining order the court may, in its discretion, require the plaintiff to give an undertaking in an amount to be fixed by the court, containing terms similar to those set forth in subdivision (b) of rule 6312, and subject to the exception set forth therein.”
Is There More Than One Type of TRO?
Temporary restraining orders in New York City are divided into two categories: criminal and family. Both types can be used to prohibit a person from coming near a person, stay away from a business or other location, and in some cases even prohibit an individual from carrying a firearm for a time.
With a family restraining order, the plaintiff may request restrictions on the actions or movements of a defendant who currently or previously had what is considered by the court to be an intimate relationship with the requesting party. By intimate, the court is referring to connections in which there is or was some type of connection between the two parties. Examples include separated or former spouses, children, parents, and other blood relatives. Current or former coworkers would also be considered an intimate relationship.
Seeking a family restraining order does not require any advance legal action involving the defendant. You do not have to notify the party of your pending request. A lawyer can prepare the documents necessary to petition the court. Your lawyer will be notified if the petition is approved, and you will have a copy of the order.
Criminal restraining orders are somewhat similar to family restraining orders, with one important difference. In order to seek this type of TRO, the defendant must be arrested or have a warrant out for his or her arrest. For example, you’ve been assaulted by a coworker. The activity was reported to the local authorities and a warrant for arrest is issued. At that time, it’s possible to seek a TRO through the New York Criminal Court.
Is It Possible to Convert the TRO into a Permanent Restraining Order?
While it’s possible to convert a temporary order into a permanent, the court system in New York City requires close scrutiny of the situation before making this type of change. Having a lawyer who can help prepare the request is key. It is necessary to provide a compelling case for the change in terms of protecting the individual from harm. In the case of a business taking action against an individual, the request must demonstrate how a permanent order would prevent the individual from undermining the company and causing some type of loss in revenue, operation, or reputation.
Can the Orders Be Enforced Outside the City?
Yes. Laws like the 2014 Violence Against Women Act provides for enforcing a TRO outside of the city and even outside the state. Depending on the nature of the order and the type of violation that takes place, the consequences can be significant. The offending party could face a fine or be placed in jail for a period of time. If there is some other legal action pending, such as a divorce or child custody case, the violation of the TRO can be introduced into the family court and could affect the outcome of that case.
There’s a reason why an TRO is sometimes called a temporary order of protection. The intent is to protect the well being of a person or entity until a matter can be resolved. With the help of a lawyer, it’s possible to understand what type of evidence the court requires, how the order functions, and even what to do if any violation of that order should take place. If you believe you have grounds for requesting a temporary restraining order, speak with a lawyer today. The TRO could be in place a lot sooner than most people realize.
Protect Yourself and Your Loved Ones with a Legal Lifeline
Being caught in a situation where you desperately need protection is not only anxiety-inducing but extremely harrowing. This is where a temporary restraining order (TRO) can be your saving grace in New York City. Let us walk you through the essentials of this court order, why you may require one, and how a competent legal counsel can make all the difference in safeguarding you from harm.
The Guardian Angel You Never Knew You Needed
A Temporary Restraining Order, often called Order of Protection, is a powerful court order that bars a potentially harmful individual from engaging in any form of contact with you or your family. This legal barrier ensures your safety by forcing the restrained person to maintain a decent distance from you at all times. Additionally, they are strictly prohibited from contacting you through social media, text messaging, email, or even traditional post. The court wastes no time in issuing such vital orders when it is evident that the alleged person poses a significant threat to the victim.
Your Staunch Legal Armour Built on Robust Legislation
The legal foundation of a TRO in New York City is contained within the 2012 New York Consolidated Laws of Civil Practice Law and Rules. Article 63, in particular, stands out as a beacon of hope for those seeking the safety and relief of a TRO. The Injunction 6313 in this article clearly outlines the circumstances and justifications for granting such an order.
Customized Protection Tailored to Your Needs
TROs in New York City are ingeniously divided into two categories Criminal and Family to cater to your specific requirements.
A family restraining order can be sought to impose restrictions if the defendant has had an intimate relationship with the victim. These intimate bonds can include relationships between blood relatives, separated or former spouses, children, and even current or former coworkers.
A significant advantage of a family restraining order is that it does not require any advance legal action against the defendant. With the help of a skilled lawyer, you can navigate the process and swiftly secure your protective order.
Criminal restraining orders are similar to family restraining orders, with one crucial distinction. To pursue this type of TRO, the alleged offender must have a warrant issued for their arrest. For instance, if a coworker assaults you, and a warrant is subsequently issued, you can then seek a criminal TRO through New York Criminal Court.
Long-lasting Safety That Knows No Bounds
While a temporary order can be transformed into a permanent one, the New York City court system exercises its stringent scrutiny before allowing such modifications. A diligent attorney can compile a compelling case for the desired change, emphasizing the threat you continue to face.
The possibility of enforcing TROs outside the city and even the state is a critical aspect of its design. Under laws like the 2014 Violence Against Women Act, violating a TRO can lead to severe consequences. From hefty fines to jail time and even affecting the outcome of pending cases like child custody battles, the power of a TRO cannot be underestimated.
If you believe you urgently require a temporary restraining order, waste no time in consulting a seasoned lawyer. With their expertise, you can attain peace of mind and trust that every possible precaution is being taken to protect you and your loved ones. Don’t let fear control you let a temporary restraining order be the shield that helps you reclaim your life.
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