Service & Results.

nyc criminal lawyers over 30 years of experienceWe Know How To Win Cases

Spodek Law Group handles tough cases
nationwide, that demand excellence.

Get Free Consultation

Faced 5+ Years in Prison

People Vs Joseph Amico

Covered by NYDaily News. Las Vegas man accused of threatening a prominent attorney and making vile remarks.

Faced 10+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Anna Sorokin

Covered by New York Times, and other outlets. Fake heiress accused of conning the city’s wealthy, and has an HBO special being made about her.

Faced 3+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Genevieve Sabourin

Accused of stalking Alec Baldwin. The case garnered nationwide attention, with USAToday, NYPost, and other media outlets following it closely.

Faced Potential Charges

Ghislaine Maxwell Juror

Juror who prompted calls for new Ghislaine Maxwell trial turns to lawyer who defended Anna Sorokin.

Why Choose Us

Clients can use our portal to track the status of their case, stay in touch with us, upload documents, and more.

Regardless of the type of situation you're facing, our attorneys are here to help you get quality representation.

We can setup consultations in person, over Zoom, or over the phone to help you. Bottom line, we're here to help you win your case.

Law in the Media

View All

Meet Todd Spodek


The Spodek Law Group understands how delicate high-profile cases can be, and has a strong track record of getting positive outcomes. Our lawyers service a clientele that is nationwide. With offices in both LA and NYC, and cases all across the country - Spodek Law Group is a top tier law firm.

Todd Spodek is a second generation attorney with immense experience. He has many years of experience handling 100’s of tough and hard to win trials. He’s been featured on major news outlets, such as New York Post, Newsweek, Fox 5 New York, South China Morning Post, Insider.com, and many others.

In 2022, Netflix released a series about one of Todd’s clients: Anna Delvey/Anna Sorokin.

Why Clients Choose Spodek Law Group

The reason is simple: clients want white glove service, and lawyers who can win. Every single client who works with the Spodek Law Group is aware that the attorney they hire could drastically change the outcome of their case. Hiring the Spodek Law Group means you’re taking your future seriously. Our lawyers handle cases nationwide, ranging from NYC to LA. Our philosophy is fair and simple: our nyc criminal lawyers only take on clients who we know will benefit from our services.

We’re selective about the clients we work with, and only take on cases we know align with our experience – and where we can make a difference. This is different from other law firms who are not invested in your success nor care about your outcome.

If you have a legal issue, call us for a consultation.
We are available 24/7, to help you with any – and all, challenges you face.

Federal Immigration Crimes Lawyers

By Spodek Law Group | February 12, 2023
(Last Updated On: July 28, 2023)

Last Updated on: 28th July 2023, 07:20 pm

Federal Immigration Crimes: Understanding the Different Types of Immigration Offenses

Criminal Immigration Attorney Explains the Different Types of Immigration Offenses in the US

The issue of unauthorized immigration is a growing concern in the United States. According to the Pew Research Center, there are currently 12.2 million unauthorized immigrants in the country. Unfortunately, a significant portion of this population has been found to be involved in criminal activities. Last year, according to ICE, 177,960 of the illegal immigrants that were deported had criminal convictions.

Immigration Offenses and Penalties

While visa overstay is not itself an immigration crime, there are several other immigration-related federal offenses that one can commit, including:

Improper Entry by Alien

Under 8 U.S.C. § 1325(a), any alien who enters or attempts to enter the United States at any time or place other than as designated by immigration officers, or eludes examination or inspection by immigration officers, or attempts to enter or obtains entry to the United States by a willfully false or misleading representation or the willful concealment of a material fact, shall, for the first commission of any such offense, be fined under title 18 or imprisoned not more than 6 months, or both, and, for a subsequent commission of any such offense, be fined under title 18, or imprisoned not more than 2 years, or both.

Marriage Fraud

As commonly known, the immediate relatives of U.S. citizens may obtain permanent residency or Green Card. However, marriage fraud occurs when someone enters into a marriage under false pretenses to avoid U.S. immigration laws. Under 8 U.S.C. § 1325(c), any individual who knowingly enters into a marriage for the purpose of evading any provision of the immigration laws shall be imprisoned for not more than 5 years, or fined not more than $250,000, or both. USCIS is also authorized to cancel any citizenship or naturalization certificate if it is deemed that the certificate was illegally obtained or created by fraud.

Fraud and Misuse of Visas, Permits, and Other Documents

Under 18 U.S. Code § 1546, several types of immigration fraud are defined, and anyone who commits such offenses shall be fined or imprisoned, depending on the severity of the crime. For instance, forgery, counterfeiting, alteration, or false representation of any immigrant or nonimmigrant visa or other required document, shall be fined or imprisoned not more than 25 years if the offense was committed to facilitate an act of international terrorism, 20 years if the offense was committed to facilitate a drug trafficking crime, 10 years in the case of the first or second such offense, if the offense was not committed to facilitate such an act of international terrorism or a drug trafficking crime, or 15 years in the case of any other offense, or both. The effects of an immigration fraud conviction under 18 USC 1546 are permanent and extremely serious. Once convicted, the offender is permanently barred from receiving immigration benefits.

Types of Immigration Fraud

There are several types of immigration fraud. Below are some examples:

Document Fraud or Identity Fraud

This refers to the making, sale, or use of forged identity documents like birth certificates, driver’s licenses, passports, or Social Security cards. It may also involve identity theft and any attempt to procure genuine identity documents through illicit means.

Illegal Immigration: A Crime with Serious Consequences

Bringing and Harboring Undocumented Aliens

Under 8 U.S. Code § 1324, it is illegal for any person to bring or attempt to bring an alien into the United States without prior official authorization. The consequences for this crime are severe, ranging from fines and imprisonment for up to one year, to a maximum of 15 years in prison for repeat offenders.

Exploiting Illegal Immigrants for Financial Gain

Unfortunately, some corporations, companies, and individuals seize the opportunity to exploit the illegal status of immigrants for financial gain. But, employers who ignore the illegal status of their workers face the risk of prosecution under 8 USC 1324.

Transporting Illegal Aliens: A Crime with Witnesses

Transporting illegal aliens is a crime that always has witnesses, including those who provide assistance. These witnesses may face deportation and be immediately returned to their native countries, even if they themselves do not face prosecution. Smugglers may also be ordered to pay restitution to the illegal aliens they smuggled if they qualify as victims under the Victim and Witness Protection Act.

Common Immigration Crimes

The most common immigration crimes include:

  • Bringing undocumented aliens to the U.S. without authorization
  • Transporting illegal immigrants within the U.S.
  • Encouraging foreign nationals to enter the U.S. without authorization
  • Conspiring to commit and/or aiding in the execution of any of the above acts

Harboring Aliens: A Serious Crime

Harboring aliens is a crime that significantly facilitates their ability to stay in the United States illegally. It is illegal for anyone to harbor, hide, or shield from detection by any means, including buildings or vehicles, a foreign national who is not a legal resident of the U.S. Even if an alien has gained legal entry, once they lose legal status, those who help them stay can be found guilty of harboring.

Penalties for Immigration Crimes

Harboring, transporting, or encouraging entry without financial gain carries a maximum sentence of five years in prison. However, if the crime is committed for financial gain or if the crime is a conspiracy, the penalty increases to a maximum of ten years in prison.

Seizure and Forfeiture

Any conveyance used in the commission of a violation of 8 U.S.C. 1324, including vessels, vehicles, or aircraft, as well as the gross proceeds of the violation and any property traceable to the conveyance or proceeds, shall be seized and subject to forfeiture.

In conclusion, illegal immigration is a serious crime with severe consequences. The U.S. government takes this matter seriously and will prosecute those who engage in illegal acts related to immigration. It is important for individuals and corporations to understand and abide by the laws and regulations surrounding immigration to avoid facing serious penalties.

Free Consultation


I was searching for a law firm with some power to help me deal with a warrant in New York . After 6 days I decided to go with Spodek Law Group. It helped that This law firm is well respected by not only the top law firms in New York , but the DA , Judge as well. I...

~Fonder Brandon

5 Stars
It was my good fortune to retain Spodek Law Group for representation for my legal needs. From the beginning, communication was prompt and thorough. Todd, Kenneth and Alex were the first people I worked with and they all made me feel comfortable and confident that the team was going to work hard for me. Everything was explained and any concerns...

~A G

5 Stars
After meeting with several law firms, I chose the Spodek Law Group not only for their professionalism and experience, but for the personal attention given to me right from the initial consultation. It is important to recognize how crucial having the right legal team is when faced with potentially life altering events that impact families and the lives of loved...

~George Cherubini

Spodek Law Group

White Glove Service

We Provide Superior Service, Excellent Results, At A Level Superior To Other Criminal Defense Law Firms. Regardless Of Where Your Case Is, Nationwide, We Can Help You.
View More

Request Free Consultation

Please fill out the form below to receive a free consultation, we will respond to
your inquiry within 24-hours guaranteed.


85 Broad St 30th Floor, New York, NY 10004


get directions

Los Angeles

611 S Catalina St Suite 222, Los Angeles, CA 90005


get directions


35-37 36th St, 2nd Floor Astoria, NY 11106


get directions


195 Montague St., 14th Floor, Brooklyn, NY 11201


get directions
Call Now!