Service & Results.

nyc criminal lawyers over 30 years of experienceWe Know How To Win Cases

Spodek Law Group handles tough cases
nationwide, that demand excellence.

Get Free Consultation

Faced 5+ Years in Prison

People Vs Joseph Amico

Covered by NYDaily News. Las Vegas man accused of threatening a prominent attorney and making vile remarks.

Faced 10+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Anna Sorokin

Covered by New York Times, and other outlets. Fake heiress accused of conning the city’s wealthy, and has an HBO special being made about her.

Faced 3+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Genevieve Sabourin

Accused of stalking Alec Baldwin. The case garnered nationwide attention, with USAToday, NYPost, and other media outlets following it closely.

Faced Potential Charges

Ghislaine Maxwell Juror

Juror who prompted calls for new Ghislaine Maxwell trial turns to lawyer who defended Anna Sorokin.

Why Choose Us

Clients can use our portal to track the status of their case, stay in touch with us, upload documents, and more.

Regardless of the type of situation you're facing, our attorneys are here to help you get quality representation.

We can setup consultations in person, over Zoom, or over the phone to help you. Bottom line, we're here to help you win your case.

Law in the Media

View All

Meet Todd Spodek


The Spodek Law Group understands how delicate high-profile cases can be, and has a strong track record of getting positive outcomes. Our lawyers service a clientele that is nationwide. With offices in both LA and NYC, and cases all across the country - Spodek Law Group is a top tier law firm.

Todd Spodek is a second generation attorney with immense experience. He has many years of experience handling 100’s of tough and hard to win trials. He’s been featured on major news outlets, such as New York Post, Newsweek, Fox 5 New York, South China Morning Post, Insider.com, and many others.

In 2022, Netflix released a series about one of Todd’s clients: Anna Delvey/Anna Sorokin.

Why Clients Choose Spodek Law Group

The reason is simple: clients want white glove service, and lawyers who can win. Every single client who works with the Spodek Law Group is aware that the attorney they hire could drastically change the outcome of their case. Hiring the Spodek Law Group means you’re taking your future seriously. Our lawyers handle cases nationwide, ranging from NYC to LA. Our philosophy is fair and simple: our nyc criminal lawyers only take on clients who we know will benefit from our services.

We’re selective about the clients we work with, and only take on cases we know align with our experience – and where we can make a difference. This is different from other law firms who are not invested in your success nor care about your outcome.

If you have a legal issue, call us for a consultation.
We are available 24/7, to help you with any – and all, challenges you face.

The Federal Criminal Pretrial Process Explained by an Attorney

By Spodek Law Group | October 20, 2023
(Last Updated On: October 20, 2023)

Last Updated on: 20th October 2023, 02:00 pm

The Federal Criminal Pretrial Process Explained by an Attorney

The federal criminal justice system can seem complicated and intimidating to anyone facing charges. As your defense attorney, I want to walk you through the key steps so you understand what to expect. This article will explain the major events that occur between an arrest and a federal criminal trial.


The pretrial process starts with an investigation by federal law enforcement agencies like the FBI, DEA, ATF, or ICE. They gather evidence and build a case against suspects. This can involve surveillance, informants, searches, and interrogations. If they find sufficient evidence, they will refer the case to federal prosecutors.


The next big step is charging. Federal prosecutors will review the investigation and decide whether to press charges. For felonies, they must present evidence to a grand jury, which will decide if there is “probable cause” to indict you. If they vote to indict, you will be formally charged. For misdemeanors, prosecutors can just file a complaint spelling out the charges against you.

Initial Appearance

Once charged, you will be brought before a judge for an initial appearance within 24 hours if you are in custody, or within 14 days if you were summoned. At this hearing:

  • The charges will be reviewed
  • You will be advised of your rights
  • Bail will be set or denied
  • You can request a preliminary hearing

This is a critical hearing, so having an attorney present is highly recommended.


After charges are filed, your defense team will request discovery from the prosecution. This includes copies of the evidence, witness statements, investigative reports, and other documents. Reviewing this thoroughly is crucial to building your defense strategy.

Plea Bargaining

Many federal cases end in a plea bargain rather than a trial. An agreement is negotiated where you plead guilty in exchange for concessions like lesser charges or a sentencing recommendation. I will discuss the pros and cons so you can decide if it’s right for you.

Preliminary Hearing

For felonies, you can request a preliminary hearing where the prosecution must show there is “probable cause” you committed the crime. This is a chance to test their evidence early and potentially get charges dismissed. Waiving this hearing is common, but I’ll advise you on the best approach.

Pre-Trial Motions

There are many types of pre-trial motions we may make to fight the charges, such as:

  • Motion to Suppress – Argue evidence was obtained illegally and should be excluded
  • Motion to Dismiss – Assert there are legal defects in the charges or proceedings
  • Motion for Change of Venue – Request moving the trial location if bias exists

I will file motions that give you the strongest chance of success.


If you are convicted, the final pretrial step is sentencing. For felonies or serious misdemeanors, a presentence report will recommend a sentence range under advisory guidelines. We’ll argue for the lowest end, and you can present mitigating factors. The judge imposes a sentence based on all the information presented.

Knowing the likely penalties can help inform your decisions on plea bargains and trial strategy. I’ll give you my best estimate so there are no surprises.

Key Laws Governing Federal Pretrial Process

There are some important laws and rules that shape how the federal pretrial process works:

  • Bail Reform Act – Governs release or detention decisions at initial appearance[1]
  • Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure – Spell out procedures for pretrial motions, discovery, pleas, etc. [2]
  • Federal Rules of Evidence – Determine standards for admissibility of evidence at hearings and trial[3]
  • Speedy Trial Act – Requires trial within 70 days of indictment for detained defendants[4]

In addition, federal judges have their own local court rules that can impact pretrial matters in their districts. I stay on top of all these standards and procedures so I can defend you effectively.

Free Consultation


I was searching for a law firm with some power to help me deal with a warrant in New York . After 6 days I decided to go with Spodek Law Group. It helped that This law firm is well respected by not only the top law firms in New York , but the DA , Judge as well. I...

~Fonder Brandon

5 Stars
It was my good fortune to retain Spodek Law Group for representation for my legal needs. From the beginning, communication was prompt and thorough. Todd, Kenneth and Alex were the first people I worked with and they all made me, and my company Qumana skincare feel comfortable and confident that the team was going to work hard for me. Everything...

~A G

5 Stars
After meeting with several law firms, I chose the Spodek Law Group not only for their professionalism and experience, but for the personal attention given to me right from the initial consultation. It is important to recognize how crucial having the right legal team is when faced with potentially life altering events that impact families and the lives of loved...

~George Cherubini

Spodek Law Group

White Glove Service

We Provide Superior Service, Excellent Results, At A Level Superior To Other Criminal Defense Law Firms. Regardless Of Where Your Case Is, Nationwide, We Can Help You.
View More

Request Free Consultation

Please fill out the form below to receive a free consultation, we will respond to
your inquiry within 24-hours guaranteed.


85 Broad St 30th Floor, New York, NY 10004


get directions

Los Angeles

611 S Catalina St Suite 222, Los Angeles, CA 90005


get directions


35-37 36th St, 2nd Floor Astoria, NY 11106


get directions


195 Montague St., 14th Floor, Brooklyn, NY 11201


get directions
Call Now!